Reason behind choosing 15 August as India’s Independence Day
In 1929, when freedom fighter Jawaharlal Nehru as the main Congress President gave the real call for ‘Poorna Swaraj’ or aggregate autonomy from British provincial control, January 26 was picked as the Independence Day. Actually, Congress party kept on commending it 1930 onwards, till India achieved freedom and January 26, 1950 was picked as the Republic Day — the day India formally turned into a sovereign nation and was not any more a British Dominion.
So how did August 15 turn into India’s autonomy day? All things considered, Lord Mountbatten had been given an order by the British parliament to exchange the power by June 30, 1948. On the off chance that he had held up till June 1948, in C Rajagopalachari’s important words, there would have been no power left to exchange. Mountbatten along these lines propelled the date to August 1947.
Around then, Mountbatten asserted that by propelling the date, he was guaranteeing that there will be no slaughter or uproar. He was, obviously, to be demonstrated wrong, in spite of the fact that he later attempted to legitimize is by saying that “wherever pilgrim run has finished, there has been carnage. That is the value you pay.”
In light of Mountbatten’s information sources the Indian Independence Bill was presented in the British House of Commons on July 4, 1947 and gone inside a fortnight. It accommodated the finish of the British manage in India, on August 15, 1947, and the foundation of the Dominions of India and Pakistan, which were permitted to withdraw from the British Commonwealth.
Mountbatten later guaranteed, as cited in Freedom at Midnight, that “The date I picked left the blue. I picked it in answer to an inquiry. I was resolved to demonstrate I was ace of the entire occasion. When they asked had we set a date, I knew it must be soon. I hadn’t worked it out precisely then — I thought it must be about August or September and I at that point went out to the fifteenth August. Why? Since it was the second commemoration of Japan’s surrender.”
On August 15, 1945, Japanese Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio address, which later came to be known as the Jewel Voice Broadcast. In the radio address, he declared the surrender of Japan to the Allies. Mountbatten heard the news of Japanese surrender that day sitting in Churchill’s room, and as the Supreme Allied Commander of South East Asia Command marked the formal Japanese surrender of Singapore on September 4, 1945.
In any case, how did Pakistan get freedom on August 14? Really it didn’t. The Indian Independence Bill gave August 15 as the date of autonomy for both the nations. The primary stamp issued by Pakistan said August 15 as India Independence Day. In his initially deliver to Pakistan, Jinnah really stated, “August 15 is the birthday of the autonomous and sovereign province of Pakistan. It denotes the satisfaction of the predetermination of the Muslim country which made extraordinary gives up in the previous couple of years to have its country.”
In 1948, Pakistan began checking August 14 as its freedom day, either on the grounds that the function for move of energy in Karachi was hung on August 14, 1947 or in light of the fact that August 14, 1947 was the 27th of Ramadan, an exceptionally sacrosanct date to the Muslims.
Whatever be the situation, 69 years on, India and Pakistan commend their hard battled freedom with devoted enthusiasm. The dates, regardless, hold far less hugeness than the mission to convey the products of autonomy to the immense huge number of individuals in the two nations.