How Does Global Industry Affect the Environment?

How Does Global Industry Affect the Environment?

The problem of global industry’s influence on the environment is frightening. Metallurgical, energy, chemical, and other plants cause serious damage to the environment. In view of this, a new field has appeared: industrial ecology. It studies the relationship between global industry and the natural environment. It considers the state of the atmosphere, water, soil, and other characteristics in a particular territory. It also examines how the enterprise affects the ecology of nearby settlements.

Modern Environment and Environmental Problems

Negative Impact by Industry

The environmental impact is distributed according to the industry.


Energy facilities have become a risk to the population and nature. Energy is involved in the development of all industries, including agriculture and transportation. Therefore, it is of great importance.

The amount of influence thermal plants have on electricity generation varies depending on the type and amount of fuel burned. Solid fuel emits fly ash (sometimes containing arsenic), nitrogen oxides, anhydrides, fluorine compounds, and other hazardous substances into the atmosphere. The burning of fuel oil results in smoke emissions, nitrogen oxides, vanadium elements, sulfur and sulfur anhydrides, and sodium salts going into the atmosphere. When natural gas decomposes, nitric oxide acts as a serious pollutant of the atmosphere.

In the energy sector, all plants where fuel is burned are considered sources of nature pollution. Their emissions are responsible for the formation of the greenhouse effect, as well as the destruction of the protective layer of the earth. From the atmosphere, the compounds settle into the soil and water in the form of acid rain.

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