It Began With Greed… & A Set of Keys
I think I learned MORE because of the different theology researchers in this video then I have trying to study my history books… this video kind of summed up the part prior to the reformation against the church. It explains the church and its ideas and how it manipulated the peoples thinking which had nothing really to do with the Bible itself. The church wasn’t “religious” it was more about traditions. The first gentile converts to Christianity were the Greeks, so the initial speaking language of the churches was Greek. History notes there are four great centers of Christianity; Egypt, Israel Greece, all the way through to Italy. So there are these centers of Christianity which are set up. Now, in 70 AD there’s this revolt of Jews against Roman rule… the center for Christianity was no longer in Jerusalem… it became Rome. It is the center of the Roman Empire and of Christianity. There’s no clear dominance to the Bishop of Rome, the Empire splits (East/West), Constantine was the capitol to Constantinople… all the major churches were in the eastern part of the Empire. Rome therefore sets up and lays its claims over this time period you have the church grow into this massive collection where the order of monks, priest, Bishop, Pope and there are traditions that become established. The Pope lays claims over heaven and earth, as the vicar of Christ.
Now, it gets mighty interesting because this is how the “state of the Vatican City” became about: The Kings in the 14th and 15th century, the political entities are centralizing in Europe, the Kings were gaining increase control over the realm. In terms of legislation's, of laws, and the courts and all the political and kind-of governmental threshold of armies. So, as Kings are getting more authority over the realms, the Renaissance Popes are looking at this deciding they need to adapt to the secular practices of the Kings and Lords of Europe. So they each have their own realm and their own laws and powers where the Kings respect the Roman Catholic Popes and vice-versa. This obviously detracts from the spiritual authority of the Popes and the church becomes distracted from what they were suppose to be doing.
Matthew 16: 16 Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 18 And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”
The Roman Catholic Church based its teachings on Simon Peter being the head of the church. Verse 18 — you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven
So, Peter dies (in Rome), and as “tradition” has it, Peter passes the “keys of Christ” to the Bishop of Rome. That is the center of the Roman Church and ultimately the Bishop of Rome will be called Pope. The Roman Pope is the apostolic successor of Jesus Christ, that meant every single Pope was ultimately the successor of Jesus Christ as well. The question then became, was Peter a “Pope”?
Peter was bold but often times in the wrong. Once he even rebuked the Lord and said that he was willing to die for Jesus even though at the arrest and trial of Jesus he denied Him three times. Peter was is Rome. He sermonized and wrote letters while he was in Rome. Did Jesus actually predict Peter’s death by crucifixion when He said that “when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and another will dress you and take you where you do not want to go” (John 21:18–19)? The church historian Tertullian, Origen, and Eusebius state that Peter’s was stretched out by his hands, he was dressed in prison garb, he was taken where no one wanted to go (a crucifixion), and was crucified. He was said to be crucified upside down because he felt unworthy to be crucified in the way that the Lord Jesus Christ had been. From an arrogant, cocky man of thunder, he became a humble, willing, obedient servant of the Lord even to death. He rejoiced in that day of his death, knowing that he would be reunited with his beloved Savior.
The Bishops of the Roman Catholic Church connected Peter being in Rome, speaking sermons and writing letters and then dying in Rome they claimed Peter was therefore a Bishop. Therefore claimed Peter as Preeminence based on passages like Matthew 16.
Matthew 16:18 “And I tell you, you are Peter, (Petros) and on this rock (petra) I will build My church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it”.
Matthew 16:16 Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God”.
It basically is telling us Jesus is telling Peter on this “rock” Jesus will build his church. Not on Peter. Not on man. That’s why those verses before Jesus’ statement to Peter are important. Peter knows and understands Christ IS the SON of the living GOD.