Parents are more concerned about their child’s progress in reading than in any other subject taught in school, and rightfully so. In order for students to achieve in any subjects, reading skills must be developed to the point that most of them are automatic. Since reading is so important to success in school, parents can and should play a role in helping their children to become interested in reading and in encouraging their growth in reading skills.
What can parents do to help their preschoolers in the learning-to-read process?
Research shows that children learn about reading before they enter school. In fact, they learn in the best manner through observation. Young children, for example, see people around them reading newspapers, books, maps, and signs.
Parents can do a lot to foster an understanding of print by talking with their preschoolers about signs in their environment and by letting their children know they enjoy reading themselves.
When reading to your preschooler, you should run your index finger under the line of print. This procedure is simple and helps children begin to notice words and that words have meaning. They also gain an awareness of the conventions of reading (e.g., one reads from left to right and from the top of the page to the bottom; sentence are made up of words; and some sentences extend beyond a single line of print).
What can I do for my school-age child who doesn’t like to read?
In the early elementary years, from first through third grades, children continue learning how to read. It is a complex process, difficult for some and easy for others. Care must be taken during these early years not to overemphasize the learning-to-read process.
Reading for pleasure and information develops reading interests and offers children the opportunity to practice their reading skills in meaningful ways. Parents should provide reading materials in the home that arouse curiosity or extend their child’s natural interest in the world around them.
Is a parent’s help significant?
Researchers agree on these:
- Children who read, and read widely, become better readers.
- Reading and writing are complementary skills.
- Parents are important to children both as role models and as supporters of their efforts.
What are some ways parents can help their children with reading?
- Provide a good role model — read yourself and read often to your child.
- Provide varied reading material — some for reading, some forpicture.
- Encourage activities that require reading
- Establish a reading time, even if it is only ten minutes a day.
- Write notes to your school-age child; encourage written responses.
- Ask your child to bring a library book home to read to a younger sibling.
- Establish one evening a week for reading (instead of television viewing).
- Encourage your child in all reading efforts.