Just how delicate are knee and hip replacement surgeries?
It is a common assumption that hip and knee replacement surgeries are carried out on the senior citizens only. Well, to some extent this is true because a majority of the patients are people above the age of 50. However, there are a few cases involving young people. This knee surgery which is also known as arthroplasty can help to get rid of the pain and also restore the function of critically disease knee joints. The same is the case with the replacement surgery for the hip. The surgeon will remove the damaged parts of the hip joint and replace them with some parts which are constructed using metal or a very hard plastic. Here is a brief look at each of the procedures and the risks involved.
Why hip replacement surgery?
There are so many conditions that can necessitate the replacement of a part of the hip joint. As abovementioned the goal is often to relieve pain and improve functionality of the part. Hip replacement surgery will be necessitated by conditions such as:
1. Rheumatoid arthritis- it produces a kind of inflammation which can potentially erode bones and cartilages and also deform joints.
2. Osteoarthritis- this is the one commonly called ‘wear-and-tear’ arthritis. It damages the slick cartilage which covers the ends of bones and makes it possible for the joints to move smoothly.
3. Osteonecrosis- this is caused by inadequate supply of blood to the ball region of the hip joint. The bone therefore collapses and deforms.
Hip replacement surgery is therefore a consideration if you are suffering from any of the above conditions and they cause excessive pain. If the pain is persistent despite being given pain medication or it worsens with walking even when you use a walker or cane- this surgery will help out. Some patients report that the pain interferes with their sleep and other say that it makes it difficult for them to stand up when they are seated.
Knee replacement operation
The conditions discussed above are often the causes for knee pain which necessitates the replacement of the region. It is especially as a result of joint damage that is caused by rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. People who require knee replacement surgery usually have issues walking, getting in and out of chairs and especially climbing stairs. Others also report suffering agonizing pain at rest that interferes with their sleep and their ability to get their work done.
Risks involved in replacement surgeries
It is really easy to think that since the parts being replacement are bones then there are not risks. The risks of total replacement of the knee of hips are many. One of the most common problems is blood clots. You need not be told how dangerous blood clots are. These blood clots usually develop in the legs but they can travel to the lungs causing pulmonary embolism. This in turn causes shortness of breath, chest pain and sometimes even shock. Other risks include:
Nausea and vomiting
Urinary tract infection
Risks of anesthesia including lungs, kidney, liver and even heart problem
Get it done professionally
One thing that you should always ensure when you are planning for hip or knee replacement is professional healthcare. This way you will reduce the risks aforementioned as well as get the best help for yourself. There is also the post-surgery care that needs to be done including physical therapy to make sure that function is fully restored. These are just some of the many reasons why you should always strive to get the best medical professionals in your areas of residence.