What can we learn from the cyberactivism?
What we call the new communication and information technologies comes from 1975 with the merger between analog telecommunications and data computing, allowing you to serve under the same support — the computer — in various message formats. This revolution is gradually passing the mass media (TV, press, radio) for individualized forms of production, distribution and information inventory. It is by digital interactivity that decentralizing power can be established.
It’s no exaggeration to assert here that cyberculture came to light with microcomputer technique as a social mobilization and guerrilla implemented by the first hackers from the Homebrew Club (Steven Levy, 2012). But in the mid-1970s, things started to heat up. Phreakers as Mark Bernay, Joe Engressia and Jogn Draper will be the fathers of a rudimentary cyberpunk culture. That same time, they created the PCC — People Computer Company — in Menlo Park, whose principle is to spread and demystify computers for the whole of society. In 1975, the first microcomputer was born, the Altair, in Albuquerque, New Mexico City. The passage of phreaking to hacking it’s a matter of time, technological development and collective action. Like any chronological period of history has a pre-historical scene, the last Phreakers became the first Hackers of the cyberactivism time line.
Hacktivists are either “wired activists”, thus, activists adapting the Internet into their strategy or politicized hackers, meaning hackers per se now adopting political and social causes to perform their actions in order to spread it online and offline. What is worrying many activists today is that many of the politicized hackers are just regular hackers taking up the political cause without truly believing in it in order to legitimize their activity or simply gain popularity.
Withal, if you enjoy being part of this Internet culture, you should know the hacking culture is not only about breaking things. Therefore, according to the current social perception of a large majority, as impact, a distorted perception of the hackers performance was created: these Internet visionaries are not, in most cases, viewed as web explorers or activists, but malicious and wicked intruders.
The history of microcomputers is linked to the need to decentralize the power of information. It is one of the reasons why Aaron Swartz was perpetuated as an icon in the hacker culture. Aaron was the one who drove the struggle for freedom of information and expression in the 21st century.
The world’s entire scientific and cultural heritage, published over centuries in books and journals, is increasingly being digitized and locked up by a handful of private corporations.
Aaron Swartz, 2010
Public awareness is achieved by accessing information that is relevant to the cause. Naturally there is often difficulty involved. Since the traditional information channels may well be controlled by those whose interest is counter to that of the activists, the Internet may serve as an alternative news and information source. But there is something you need to understand: as a good writer, the more you read and study, the better will become your writing. It is clearly a way of saying that the more information you collect and set it free, the better it will be for public acknowledgement and for self-knowledge.
The internet is a properly surrealist communication space from which nothing is excluded, neither good nor evil, nor its multiple definitions, nor the discussion that tends to separate them without ever achieve. The Internet embodies the presence of humanity itself, since all cultures, all disciplines, all the passions there intertwine. Since everything is possible, the Internet expresses man’s connection to its own essence, which is the aspiration to freedom.
Keep it alive.
Hackito ergo sum.