Convenors: Gregory Trencher, Araz Taeihagh, Andrew Chapman, Tohoku University, National University of Singapore, and International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy

As the energy transition to a post-carbon society gathers pace, renewable energy, batteries, and battery electric vehicles are rapidly diffusing while improving considerably in cost and performance. …

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CALL FOR PAPERS — ICPP T13P04 -Panel on Governance of AI and the Special Issue on Governance of AI and Robotics

T13P04 — Governing Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems

Panel Chair and Special Issue Editor: Araz Taeihagh, LKYSPP NUS

Abstract submission deadline: 30 January 2019

Developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Autonomous Systems (AS) offer various benefits that will revolutionise all aspects of society, ranging from search algorithms for online advertising (Goodfellow et al. 2016), signal processing (Karaboga et al. 2014), credit scoring (Tsai & Wu 2008; Brown & Mues 2012), medical diagnosis (Russell & Norvig 2016; Amato et al. 2013), autonomous vehicles (Fagnant & Kockelman 2015; Milakis et al. 2017; Taeihagh & Lim 2018), robotic medical assistants (Stahl and Coeckelbergh 2016) to autonomous weapon systems in warfare (Krishnan 2016). The rapid adoption of these technologies threaten to outpace the regulatory responses of governments around the world, which must grapple with the increasing magnitude and speed of these transformations.

The societal benefits of AI and AS have been widely acknowledged (Buchanan 2005; Taeihagh & Lim 2018; Ramchurn et al. 2012), but these technologies introduce risks and unintended consequences. New risks include and are not limited to unemployment (Acemoglu & Restrepo 2018; Frey & Osborne 2017; Peters 2017; Osoba & Welser IV 2017), safety risks (Taeihagh & Lim 2018; Kalra & Paddock 2016), privacy risks (Russell et al. 2015; Lim & Taeihagh 2018; Litman 2017), liability risks (Marchant & Lindor 2012; Čerka et al. …

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T02P14 — IT-Mediated Platforms and the Public Sector: Applications of Sharing Economy, Blockchains and Crowdsourcing

Panel Chair: Araz Taeihagh, NUS

Abstract submission deadline: 30 January 2019

Platforms significantly increase the ease of interactions and transactions in society. In the public sector, platforms are a way to improve public service delivery and solve increasingly “wicked” problems that characterize societies today (Head 2008; Hautamäki & Oksanen 2018; Janssen & Estevez 2013; Layne & Lee 2001; Bertot et al. 2010). Aided with information technology, public agencies can derive insights from a critical mass of citizens through platforms and improve citizen participation, transparency, policy design, and political legitimacy (Prpić et al. 2015; Taeihagh 2017; Voorberg et al. 2015; Bason 2010; Needham 2008; Christensen et al. 2015).

Platforms will transform public sector innovation, but how they are implemented and managed can introduce various risks. Platforms can diminish accountability, reduce job security for individuals, widen the digital divide and inequality, undermine privacy, and can be manipulated by crowds (Taeihagh 2017b; Loukis et al. 2017; Hautamäki & Oksanen 2018). Fragmentation among multiple platforms and the difficulty of attracting sufficient of citizen participation may also undermine platforms’ effectiveness (Hautamäki & Oksanen 2018; Janssen & Estevez 2013). Furthermore, countries without strong governance mechanisms and property rights to attract the required capital investments may face challenges in building platforms (Taeihagh 2017b). Currently, studies have yet to evaluate the extent to which platforms improve public service outcomes (Voorberg et al. 2015).

More recently, governments have experimented with blockchain-enabled platforms in areas such as e-voting, digital identity and storing public records (Cheng et al. 2017; Swan 2015; Wolfond 2017; Hou 2017). …


Araz Taeihagh

Asst Prof of Public Policy @LKYSch (DPhil @UniofOxford). Policy Design & Analysis, Socio-tech Sys, Sustainability, Complexity, Infrastructure.

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