My great great great grandparents Joseph Bainbridge 1796–1857 and Jane Charlton 1795–1873

Bainbridge Sixth Generation

Joseph was born in Alston, Cumbria in 1796 and baptised on the 3rd of April, his parents were Ralph Bainbridge and Eunice White.

Jane (aka Jenny) was born in Allenheads, Northumberland but she wasn’t baptised until five years later at St John’s Chapel Weardale. The parish records recorded it as 4 Jul 1802 Jenny Charleton, of Sidehead, born 22-Mar 1797, 1st daughter of John Charleton (miner, native of Allenheads, Northumberland) by his wife Jane nee Bateman (native of Alston Moor, Cumberland)

In 1826 on the 16th of February Joseph and Jane got married at St Thomas the Apostle, Stanhope, the witnesses were Mary Charleton and Ralph Bainbridge and the parish records described the bride and groom as ‘of this parish’. Joseph’s family had lived in Stanhope for at least three previous generations before living in Alston and so he was returning to his roots.

St Thomas the Apostle, Stanhope

Their first child Ralph was born the same year on the 17th of December in Brownriggside, Westgate, five miles from Stanhope and baptised at St John’s Chapel, Weardale. The parish records described it as Ralph Bainbridge, of Brownrigside, born 17-Dec 1826, son of Joseph Bainbridge (miner) by his wife Jane.

Their second child John was born in 1829 in Westgate and baptised at St John’s on the 27th of July

Thier third son Joseph was born the following year and again baptised at St John’s according to the parish records Joseph Bainbridge, of Westgate, son of Joseph Bainbridge (miner) by his wife Jane

My great great grandfather William was their fourth child, he was born in 1832 but this time the family were in Kenton, Northumberland.

At this time there was a lot of trouble in the coal fields of Northumberland with the miners going out on strike and the pit owners were trying to stop the power of the unions. The previous year had brought some success for the unions and so in 1832 when the new miners bonds were being allocated the pit owners were ready and brought in lead miners from Weardale to take the places of the striking coal miners. The paper work has all gone but this is a plausible explanation of why the family were in Kenton.

William was the only child born in Kenton, and Joseph and Jane’s next child was a daughter called Jane who was born in 1835 and baptised on the 26th of April back in Stanhope.

Joseph and Jane had one more child who they called Eunice, she was born in 1836 and baptised at St John’s Chapel in Stanhope which the parish records listed as Eunice Bainbridge, of Stanhope, daughter of Joseph Bainbridge (miner) by his wife Jane

By the time the first census was recorded in 1841 Joseph was a 45 year old lead miner living at High Broadwood, Stanhope with his wife Jane who was 40, sons Ralph 14, John 12, and William 9 and daughters Jane 7 and Eunice 4. A 35 year old woman called Elizabeth Herdsman and her son John who was 5 months old were living with them. Joseph was missing and there is a record for the death of Joseph Bainbridge who was buried at St Thomas the Apostle, Stanhope on the 1st of October 1840 which was probably him, the records reads 1 Oct 1840 Joseph Bainbridge, of Broadwood, age: 10

1841 census

When the census was recorded in 1851 ten years later the family had moved to Broadwood Lane, Newlandside. Newlandside was an area in Stanhope and also the name of a lead mining quarry. There were cottages and houses along the top rim of the quarry that housed the miners and their families. Joseph was a 55 year old lead miner and Jane was 54, their son John was 22 working as an iron stone miner, William was 19 and he was working as a labourer in the quarry and Eunice was 16 and at school. Ralph was lodging with the Rowe family in Westgate, Stanhope working as an iron stone miner age 24 and Jane was in service in Field Head Stanhope in the home of Elizabeth Herdman who had been living with them in 1841.

1851 census

In 1854 their eldest son Ralph married Anne Page, the daughter of a local tailor, Anne was 21 and Ralph was 27. This was the first of Ralph’s 4 marriages, they married in the Primitive Methodist Chapel in Stanhope. In the same year Ralph’s sister Eunice married another miner called Watson Vickers, he was a lead miner and the illegitimate son of a local woman. Both couples had children the following year making Joseph and Jane grandparents.

In 1856 William married Margaret Robinson, Margaret lived at Bushy Flatt, another of the properties on the edge of the quarry. Her family had lived in this house as far back as 1730 and possibly before.

Marriage certificate for William Bainbridge and Margaret Robinson

In 1857 Joseph died of tuberculosis at Thimbley Hill and was buried at St Thomas the Apostle, Stanhope. He was 61 years old and was living in one of the houses located around the top of the Newlandside Quarry. Thimbley Hill was one of the properties that had some surrounding land so that the miners could grow food to supplement their income.

In 1859 Joseph and Jane’s last unmarried child, Jane married John Wall, she was 24 and he was a 30 year old lead miner.

Thimbley Hill

Four years later in the 1861 census Jane was recorded as being a widow still living at Thimbley Hill, age 64. She was a farmer of 10 acres and her son John age 32 lived with her, he was working as a lead miner and local methodist preacher. Her eldest son Ralph lived with them , he was 34 and had been widowed three months earlier. His baby son George was with him but not his daughter Jane, she was living with her maternal uncle Corbet Page in Stanhope. Corbet was a master tailor and a local Wesleyan preacher and his mother and brother also lived in his house so Jane had a lot of her mother’s family around her. By this time in her life, Jane Bainbridge senior was a widow with 5 surviving children and 9 grandchildren, all living in Stanhope

1861 census

Ten months after the death of his first wife Ralph got married again to Mary Jane Nattress, the daughter of a local lead miner. Ralph gave Thimbley Hill as his address and Mary gave Frostlery as hers, he was 34 and she was ten years younger.

Jane’s family continued to grow over the next couple of years, Jane, William and Ralph all became parents again but in 1863 Ralph’s second wife died leaving him with a new baby to care for. In 1864 there is a record of Ralph Bainbridge marrying Jane Philipson in Stanhope which appears to be this Ralph Bainbridge but if this is right, it again ended in him becoming a widower, Jane died in 1870 age 31 and they didn’t have any children.

In the 1871 census Jane senior, was living in Frosterley on her own, Ralph was living in Stanhope, a widower age 44 working as a lead miner with 3 children. John was living at Thimbleby Hill age 42 as head of the house with his wife Phoebe and their 2 daughters. John listed his occupations as Lead miner, Methodist Local Preacher and Engine worker. William was living at West Sowen Burn, the next house down the lane to Bushey Flatt, he was 39 and working as a lead miner and Margaret was 36. They had 6 children. Jane was 38 and John Wall was 41 and they were living in Frosterley where they moved in 1864. They had 5 children. Eunice and John lived at Burnhope Mordues Buildings in Holmside with their 5 children and now Jane had 21 grandchildren.

1871 census

1873 Jane died in Stanhope when she was 76, she died of Senectus General Disability (Old Age) and was buried on the 17th of July in Stanhope.

Her son William died 3 years later on the 21st of May 1876, her daughter Eunice died of breast cancer in 1880, John only outlived her by 12 years, he died in 1885 of Ascites (an accumulation of fluid on the stomach) and Ralph follow 6 years later on the 25th of February 1891. Of their 6 children, only Jane lived to old age, she lived into the next century and died in 1915 age 80.