That’s an interesting point about how cities are more socially, environmentally and economically sustainable! I think, though, that it doesn’t mean a less urban place couldn’t achieve those things. Perhaps carbon footprints are lower because of efficient space and public transport, but going carbon neutral or even carbon negative are much more doable things in a space that is not extremely urbanized.
Perhaps cities do provide more culture and diversity, but I don’t think its justifiable to turn a place into a big city just to achieve those things. There are other methods to achieve equality besides buildings everywhere, overpopulation, and yes, the connections that lifestyle facilitates. Someone needs to figure out how to do it outside of urban & city life, because the entire planet is never going to turn into an urbanized city.
I also have a hard time connecting all this to the process of globalization you mentioned. Globalization, in my view, does not imply an indefinitely expanding human population, and indefinite expansion of city and urban spaces in formerly more suburban, town-like, or rural places.
Techno-industrial civilization is not the end-all be-all of human life on this planet. Without diverse populations having personal relationships with Earth, food growing and wilderness, humanity is doomed. This type of relationship cannot happen if everyone lives in a city. Currently, the actions that have caused these trends of exponential urban and human population growth have put everyone in very dire circumstances. Some may promise that if we just keep on with it, technology will fix the radiation, the poisoned water, the methane and carbon in the air, the current mass extinction event, feed everyone with industrial agriculture and no wild diversity, and make human life in this scenario glorious and shiny and productive.
I do think there’s good in high technology and industrialism. I just think if its made the priority, instead of rectifying our very abusive and destructive relationship with the living systems that sustain us, we aren’t going to have a good time.