Hi Vianney!
Ivan Sanders

Thanks for the compliment, Ivan. Yes, the subject is a very complicated one. Manufacturers need to change the way they make phones and consumers need to change the way they consume and dispose of phones. The Fairphone is a great concept but the big manufacturers with the big R&D budgets aren’t going that direction. Modular phones aren’t popular because they aren’t excellent — the Fairphone itself has very mixed reviews. Those kinds of phones will only gain traction if manufacturers start to compete to make the very best “ethical” phones (and other electronics as well) but that isn’t going to happen until consumers start demanding it from them.