Explore the Variations of Bagpipes

Beau Perrett
Feb 21 · 2 min read

While bagpipes may seem like crudely traditional instruments, you will find various kinds of bagpipes — each which has a distinctive character and sound. The seven varieties of bagpipes are: Great Highland bagpipes, Irish Uilleann bagpipes, Northumbrian bagpipes, Scottish smallpipes, Biniou, Center-France bagpipes, and Gaita. Great Highland bagpipes
The fantastic Highland bagpipe has become the popular bagpipes type. It originated from Scotland and Ireland and is widely used by soloists and pipe bands in civilian and military performances. It can be played in the mixolydian scale, from the natural low G critical for the main element of an, made up of two tenor drones and one bass drone.
Irish Uilleann bagpipes The Irish Uillean bagpipe is regarded as the advanced sort of bagpipe. It’s took part the diatonic scale, from the key of natural C and also the key of major D. It is almost always took part in staccato — a kind of playing that is short and rapid.

Northumbrian smallpipes The Northumbrian smallpipe is often a bellows-blown type of bagpipe. It typically is made up of four drones that can be tuned to varied pitches and combinations. It has chanters with seven 17 keys and has a few of the unique qualities of the Irish Uilleann bagpipes. However, it takes very tight fingering to try out in staccato.
Scottish smallpipes. The Scottish small pipe is preferred among highland pipers. It’s also a bellow-blown sort of bagpipe but contains the same fingering system since the Great Highland bagpipe. It can be mouth-blown but will not generate the same sound and tone quality since it has a delicate reed construction.
Biniou. Received from Brittany France, the Binou was created to be mouth-blown. It can be played one note above the octave scale along with a flat lead tone below it. It creates a solid that’s one octave more than the truly amazing Highland bagpipe, producing a extremely high pitched sound. Alongside the bombarde, it’s commonly used to accompany folk dancing in Breton.
Center-France bagpipes. Often known as the chevrette, the Cenetr-France bagpipe is made of goatskin and is particularly a mouth-blown instrument. It can be commonly used within the Bourbonnais, Morvan, and Nivernais aspects of France.
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