Weekly Journal Update 11

I took this class my second semester Freshman year at Howard and did not put my full attention to it. As a result, I suffered greatly. This semester I have been determined to fully focus in this class to not only achieve an A but to also learn about the true meaning of leadership and how I can apply it to my every day life. So far in this course, I have learned so much. The thing that I have really found interesting were the psychopathic traits. I remember watching a movie called The Perfect Guy, which was a movie about a young woman who meets and begins dating a man in a coffee shop after breaking up with her boyfriend who was afraid to commit to her. Little did she know, the new man she was dating was indeed a psychopath. He exhibited most traits that we went over in class such as, glibness and grandiosity/narcissistic tendencies. While watching the movie, I thought about what we talked about in class and it really proved to me that I was actually learning something. This class is a very challenging and time consuming one and I sometimes find it difficult to read the very long readings assigned to us while trying to balance my very strenuous course load which consist of my important major courses. Although it will be a hard task, I still am determined to achieve the grade that I feel like I deserve.

Tuesday 9:40 AM — 11:00 AM

In class today, we took our weekly quiz. This quiz was challenging to me because I did not study as I should have which resulted in me getting most of the questions wrong. On the next quiz I plan on studying harder and longer so I can achieve a higher grade.

The questions consisted of 4 aspects of Emotional Intelligence that were discussed in class last Thursday and questions about the readings of Sappho and Idyll. One question I feel like I should’ve gotten right was the question of the physiological effects love has on a person. The answers included sweating, burning sensation of the skin, and heart palpitations.

After the quiz we also discussed 5 aspects of Emotional Intelligence. These aspects include:

  • Self Awareness
  • Self Regulation
  • Motivation
  • Empathy
  • Social Skills

We described and gave examples of each aspect.

Self Awareness is described as knowing strengths, weaknesses, drive, and the impact you have on others and is characterized by feedback from others

Self Regulation is described as controlling or redirecting disruptive impulses, the ability to do what a situation calls for, being open to change, and being reflective and thoughtful.

Motivation is described as relishing in achievement for it’s own sake.

Empathy is described as understanding another person’s emotional make up and considering other’s perspectives when making decisions. Empathy is also described as a gateway to building emotional relationships with people.

Social skills are described by building relations or rapport with others, knowing how to network extensively, and being experts at leading and building teams.

After learning and discussing these 5 aspects, I realized that most of them apply to my personality. I can describe myself as someone who is very self-aware, highly motivated, and empathetic.

I am a very self aware person because I am very observant. Although I’m not much of a talker or conversation starter, I observe and know everything that’s going on around me. I observe people’s personalities and actions which is why I am very choosy and selective when it comes to meeting people. If I notice one thing that I don’t like about a person whether it’s my ability to trust them or how they treat others, I immediately disregard them as a friend. I can usually point out others strengths and weaknesses. If I befriend someone, I always make it my duty to make sure I leave a positive impact in their lives helping them through their worst times and building them up. Being self-aware also means that you are are of how other people perceive you.

I find myself to be very empathetic because I think of situations from other people’s perspective. This is one of the reasons why I believe in loyalty when being in a relationship. I would never to step out on my relationship with someone because I would never want anyone to do the same to me. I don’t treat people badly because I wouldn’t want to be treated that way. I If someone drops their wallet on the ground while I’m walking behind them, I’m going to get their attention and give it back to them, because if I was in that situation, I know I would be stressed out.

I also think of myself as being highly motivated. I feed off of success. Every time I receive a good grade, I make it my duty to keep working hard to achieve more good grades. I’m motivated by my peers as well. When I see my friends being successful, it makes me strive even harder for success. I want to be the best I can be and when I think about the benefits of being successful I do anything it takes to achieve that goal.

Knowing that I possess these aspects, gives me more assurance that I have the potential of becoming a great leader. In my far future career as a sports medicine physician, I will be the doctor that young college students want to shadow. In that position, I will have to lead them and teach them things that will help them on their journey.

Wednesday 9:00 PM –10:00 PM

I began reading Xenophon’s education of Cyrus. While reading, I took note of how Cyrus was being a leader. The examples I recorded were:

  • Chapter 1, Paragraph 5: “It is obvious that among this congeries of nations few, if any, could have spoken the same language as himself, or understood one another, but none the less Cyrus was able so to penetrate that vast extent of country by the sheer terror of his personality that the inhabitants were prostrate before him: not one of them dared lift hand against him. And yet he was able, at the same time, to inspire them all with so deep a desire to please him and win his favour that all they asked was to be guided by his judgment and his alone.”

Cyrus was able to change the minds of many who doubted that humans were capable of leading other humans. He won people over just through his personality and desire to be the best leader he can be.

  • Chapter 3, Paragraph 1: “Until he was twelve years old or more, Cyrus was brought up in the manner we have described, and showed himself to be above all his fellows in his aptitude for learning and in the noble and manly performance of every duty.”

Show qualities of leadership at a young age. Showed much more experience than his peers.

  • Chapter 4, Paragraph 1: “He soon made friends with his companions and found his way to their hearts, and soon won their parents by the charm of his address and the true affection he bore their sons, so much so that when they wanted a favour from the king they bade their children ask Cyrus to arrange the matter for them.”

His ability to charm people. (Glibness)

  • Chapter 4, Paragraph 5: “He had no desire to escape defeat by giving up the effort, but took glory in the resolution to do better another time…”

He was highly motivated at all times, and was never discouraged or defeated when putting in an effort. Always made sure to get past adversity and do better the next time.

  • Chapter 4, Paragraph 25: “So matters passed in Media: and more and more the name of Cyrus was on the lip of every man, in song and story everywhere, and Astyages, who had always loved him, was astonished beyond all measure at the lad.”

Began to gain prestige and respect among people. Began gaining followers.

  • Chapter 6, Paragraph 24: “ ‘And now,’ said Cyrus, ‘to win the affection of those we rule — and there is nothing, I take it, of greater importance — surely the path to follow lies open to all who desire the love of their friends. We must, I mean, show that we do them good.’ ”

He shows that he loves the feeling of being admired by his followers. It motivates him to do good by the people.

Cyrus receives two types of education while growing up, Persian and Median. While the Persian education was formal, the Median education was less formal. The Persians focused on the improving their citizens. In the schools, students are to learn justice and righteousness. They are also instructed in temperance and self-restraint, and to obey the rules of their elders. Median education consists of taking all things for himself. Xenophon describes it as being “education in tyranny.”

As a child, I was raised with more of a Persian education as opposed to a Median one. Although as I grew up, I realized some aspects of Median education are necessary in becoming a better leader. Cyrus is a great leader because he has a mixture of both educations.

Thursday 9:40 AM — 11:00 AM

During this class period, we discussed Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus. This work was written in year 365 BCE by Xenophon the Athenian. Cyrus is known as one of ancient history’s first and most important leaders in history.

The Greek terms discussed today were:

  • Philanthropia
  • Philomatheia
  • Philotimia
  • Kallos
  • Praotes
  • Sophrasume
  • Enkrateia
  • Megalopsychia

We discussed how people never want to be slaves and are always going to want to overthrow whether it is a democracy, oligarchy, or monarchy. A private estate is a large plantation usually ran by the head of a house hold that contains slaves or Greeks who have been captured during battle.

According to Xenophon, human beings are great at ruling/governing animals, but not governing humans. Animals never come together to try and overthrow their master or ruler, but humans will. The questions that I came up with was: Do humans make good leaders? What may be the reason as to why humans are better at governing animals but not humans?

Xenophon’s note of optimism — Cyrus the Great changed people’s minds about the ability to govern humans.

Cyrus’s parents are Cambyses and Mandame. Cambyses is the Persian king, Mandame is the child of Astyages who was the Median king.

Cyrus possessed “kallos,” which is the Greek term for beauty or sexiness. Kallos arouses erotic interest or eros. Cyrus is self aware of the impact his kallos has on people. Xenophon claims that Cyrus was “most beautiful.” Cyrus was self aware that his beauty impacted people.

3 Characteristics of Cyrus that Xenophon focused on was:

  • Philanthropia — love of humanity
  • Philomatheia — love of learning (natural curiosity)
  • Philotimia — love of being honored

According to Xenophon, Cyrus had a love for all of humanity and constantly exhibited this.

Cyrus was known for being a quick study, meaning he had the ability to learn something once and remember it forever. He had control over his education. He possesses a Persian and Median education and has an extensive vocabulary.

Cyrus also possessed Philokindunia and Philonopia which essentially mean to possess the love of risk-taking and to suffer to get the necessary results and to be honored for his accomplishments.

Ocharistia — ingratitude

Dikaiosume — justice

Praotes is gentleness and being willing to accept criticisms. He’s also very comfortable in his own skin.

Sophrasume — the ability to check your emotions

Enkrateia — mastery of bodily needs

Friday 2:30 PM — 3:30 PM

I read Book II of Cyropaedia. This book focuses on Cyrus and his Median uncle Cyaxeres meeting with the Assyrian coalition. Cyrus realized that he will have to change his usual strategy of cunning to heavy infantry and more aggressive war tactics to defeat the enemy. Through this process he encounters many rivalries due to envy. Some of these encounters include:

  • His conflict with Chrysantas. Although he was challenged by him, Cyrus handled it in a professional manner and stood his ground.
  • Aglaitadas mocking his ability as a leader, and for making him laugh. Cyrus was not phased by this, but instead kept it pushing.

Throughout life, we will all have positions of leadership or authority, whether it’s for a school project or a career. During these times, there will always be one person that will think they can do your job better than you. In order to deal with this, we have to come to that realization. I deal with it by ignoring the person and realizing that I’m in the position for a reason and not them. I also find it complimenting when someone envies me because it shows me that they want something that I have or want to be in my position.

Saturday 1:00 PM — 2:00 PM

During this time, I read Book III of Cyropaedia. In this book, Cyrus and Cyaxeres turn against the Armenian king, frightens him and causes him to surrender. Instead of the Armenian king rallying his own troops to prepare for battle, he weakly trembles in fear and focuses on saving himself and his possessions. Although Cyrus has the king captured he decides not to execute him and holds a public trial. During this trial, he brings up questions of justice and retribution to Tigranes, the Armenian King’s son, as a proposition for why the king should die. Tigranes persuades Cyrus not to which was the outcome Cyrus favvored in the first place.The Assyrian army then retreats.

After reading books 2–3, the question “what does it take to be a global leader?” came to mind. After reading the Howard Mission Statement, being a global leader involves making decisions that will improve the world and spreading peace, prosperity, and excellence among all beings. The vision priorities all contain doing things locally, nationally, and internationally. The Core values of the Howard Mission Statement are:

  • Excellence
  • Leadership
  • Service
  • Truth

These 4 values should be a part of any global leader’s agenda. In order for one to acquire the character of a global leader, they must have experience. A lot can be learned from leading for an extensive period of time.

Sunday 11:00 AM — 1:00 PM

I took this time to visit the National Mall. I always enjoy visiting the National Mall and walking around with music in my ears. I’ve noticed that it really relaxes me and puts me at a place of peace. As I walked around, I considered the question, “what makes the national mall seem global?” I feel like it’s global because it’s a place where people gather to listen to leader’s speak. For example, the inauguration, the March on Washington, Dr. Martin Luther King’s speech, and many others. The way it is designed makes it a great place for a leader to speak.

Monday 5:00 PM — 6:00 PM

I took this time to read over class notes, my weekly journal, and the readings to review for the quiz tomorrow. I recorded facts that I feel may be on the quiz and organized them into a mini study guide.

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