2nd grading Reflection

Water Civilization

Water was and still is a necessity for humans, animals and basically, all living things. It was very important for the early civilizations. They used it for living. Without water, they would’ve probably died of thirst and hunger. They also used it for bathing, sanitation and hygiene. The problem was that some places didn’t have enough water, so they used irrigation when they built cities. In some places, there were too much water, so they built dams,reservoirs, aqueducts and wells, these were called hydraulic engineering. This just proved that the people before knew how to use their creativity and knowledge to make a way and fix the problems they encountered.

The Persians and Greeks

We all think that Greeks winning the Persian war is a good thing without even thinking about what might have happened if it was the Persians who won. That’s because of historical bias. The ones who won the war — the Greeks, got to write history and of course, they made the Persians look like antagonists and made themselves look like the protagonists. The truth is that the Persians’ way of living is actually better than the Greeks. The taxes weren’t too high and was used for good purposes, unlike the Greeks’ government who was corrupt. The Persians also embraced the freedom of religion and most of them forbid slavery. The Greeks looked good in history because they were the ones who wrote it, but there’s actually more to history that we don’t see and realize because it’s hidden behind great and probably exaggerated stories of the Greeks.

Mansa Musa and Islam in Africa

African history was preserved via oral rather than written tradition. One of the most famous myths is the story of Mansa Musa. He was the King of Mali, an empire that replaced Ghana in West Africa. Because of the wealth of Mansa Musa, the people from Europe thought that West Africa was a land of gold. His pilgrimage proved that the people from Africa was connected to different countries because he knew about the places before even going to them. He also tried to increase the knowledge and practice of Islam, along with Mansa Sulayman.

When you study a place from the past, learn to look at a lot of sources to get a fuller picture of it. Archaeology, writing and oral traditions all intermingle to give us a glimpse of the past.


In the medieval ages, Christianity was spread through Paul and Constantine who were known to be Romans and the irony of it is that the Romans were also known as the ones who killed Jesus. They were Romans but they believed and had faith in God. That’s how the Romans heard about God’s word. This proves how leaders affect the people they lead. They influenced the people to listen to the word of God.

The Holy Roman Empire

I think Charles V was too ambitious. He was trying to make impossible things happen with the Holy Roman Empire. He just didn’t know when to stop expanding his empire until it came to a point that he couldn’t handle it anymore. Yes, he succeeded in some but most of the things he did only led him to fail spectacularly as an emperor. Because of that, he split up his empire into two. His son, getting Spain and his brother getting the Holy Roman Empire. I learned that the benefit of acknowledging the limit of one’s power is very important.


When someone mentions “vikings”, we all imagine blonde or red-headed and bearded guys with helmets with horns. We all think that they’re somehow related to violence, killing, blood and war. Well, they’re not. They didn’t even have horns in their helmets like what we thought they did. Their reputation is kind of exaggerated — in a bad way. Their intentions was not to kill and destroy towns like what we hear but they were after the loot.The success and influence of the vikings was really about settlement and the exchange of goods and in the process, the exchange of culture, but unfortunately, fighting and killing got more attention.

In studying history, it is important to look at all the sides and angles of the story. You have to dig deeper. Don’t base your beliefs on others’ beliefs.