Policy Article #2 How to Make Biogas Possible in Third World Countries

Christian Collins

Renewable Energy and the Environment

April 14th, 2015

Policy Article #2 How to Make Biogas Possible in Third World Countries

In my most recent article we discussed how important energy is in our regular everyday lives, and also how hard it can be to come by for people in third world countries. My goal of the most recent policy article I orchestrated was to educate everyone on how biogas can play a huge role in third world countries. With over 1.5 billion people not having everyday electricity in the world you can see why this is such a big issue. Of course it’s not all the governments fault or the people’s fault, I think everyone can agree that it has been a vast trickle down affect from many many years in the past too where it has gotten now. Electricity in these countries is just flat out having a hard time catching up.

Instead of talking about how biogas comes about and how it can change the way some of the people in third world countries live. I would like to talk about what we as fellow humans on this earth can do and what government agencies all around can do.

First let’s take a step back in time to the 1940’s-1950’s, if you were to look at countries like today’s prominent South Korea, or vastly important India you would be shocked to see that they were some of the poorest countries in the whole world. Both countries lived on around $1.00 a day in today’s money. Within a couple years these countries by coming out onto the free market were able to step out of the third world culture and into the booming culture of what we now know these countries have today. Seeing these countries and how they overcame the hardship of getting out of the every growing hole of poverty gives other countries a glimmer of hope.

Other countries are able to come into third world countries in Africa and take some of their most natural resources at astounding prices. The people in these countries don’t know any better and that’s how they survive. The problem with these countries being under developed is that other countries are taking advantage of them, they make it look like they are helping them out and trying to grow their economy but of course they are just doing it for their own good. These countries aren’t able to realize this though because they don’t know any better, this is what they have always been used too. Other bigger countries come in and say they are helping but doing nothing of the kind.

This is where it is so important to get these people on the right track and give them a chance to not hang around the poverty line and start hanging around with the average man and women. Giving these people and countries a sustainable and efficient way to have electricity would be just the thing to get them on their feet and running. Having these policies enacted and enforced could potentially make a difference in not only their own country but all around the world. This trickledown effect could drastically reduce not only the number of people who live without everyday power, but also poverty as a whole.

Just because we can give them power doesn’t mean that they will know what to do with it. We can’t just catch the fish out of the pond for them, it will be much more beneficial to teach them how to fish, that way they are self-sustaining. Giving these third world rural areas power will give them better access to education, better education as a whole, better access to water and ways to clean the water. We not only want to give these countries the money they deserve but we want to give them longer and more fulfilling lives.

In our last article we found the statistic that says: “approximately 3 billion people (45% of the world’s population) rely on solid fuels such as: firewood, crop residues, cattle dung, and coal to meet their cooking needs” (Surendra, 847). With people relying on these solid fuels to do simple things we take for granted like staying warm or cooking food, we are putting mass amounts of extra CO2 in our atmosphere. Of course the argument comes along that if they were given power somewhere somehow it would play into extra CO2 emissions in our atmosphere. But if we were to implement biogas as I have explained in our latest article it would be much more efficient and self-sustaining especially for people who live off the land as much as these third world countries are accustomed too.

One of the biggest factors of having biogas plants in these countries was being educated on them. If we were able to get them in and have a steady slate of power the education on biogas would come natural. They would be able to work on these with trial and error techniques given by the electricity they are producing, thus making this a more of a feasible plan.

As I stated in my previous article I believe that it is important to understand and take account the status’s of these developing nations that biogas technology has a huge potential in. It can improve waste management, produce clean energy, reduce the workload for families, and create employment opportunities at the local level. With continued research and attention placed on developing regions in the world, along with help from the government in some sort of subsidiary plan. The benefits of a more sustainable way of life and economy may be realized at not only the local level, but at the domestic and international level as a whole.


Bajgain S Shakya. The Nepal biogas support program: a successful model of public private partnership for rural household energy supply. Kathmandu, Nepal: Biogas Support Program Nepal. Vision Press P. LtD,; 2005.

Surendra, K.C., Devin Takara, and Samir Khanal. Biogas as a Sustainable Energy Source for Developing Countries: Opportunities and Challenges. N.p.: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014. Print.

“How Does Biogas Work?” How Does Biogas Work? Simgas, 2012. Web. 15 Feb. 2015.

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