Israel’s existence as a Jewish state is disturbing
Rima Najjar

Jewish State, or Refuge State ?

THEODOR HERZL — source : Célimène (Photo Government Press Office)

Theodor Herzl was the theoricist of Zionism.

Zionism was the solution he found to the antisemitism which had been going on for centuries in Europe & Russia. A lot of discriminations, humiliations, murders and pogroms.

The tile of the essay he wrote was ‘’Der Judenstaat’’’ which means in English « State for the Jews » = a Refuge State for the Jews from all over the world: a Jewish homeland for the Jewish People. He initially did not think of Palestine.

Herzl did not call his essay ‘’Der Jüdische Staat’’ (The Jewish State).

Theodor Herzl was not a religious person. We also understand it when we read the book.


The Balfour Declaration 1917 said : « (…) it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine (…) »


The UN Resolution 1947 said: « (…) Guaranteeing to all persons equal and non discriminatory rights in civil, political, economic and religious matters and the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including Freedom of religion, language, speech and publication, education, assembly and association;(…) »