Howard Johnson

« scientific materialism is less successful when addressing issues of teleology and when trying to develop a comprehensive, integrated picture of the universe as a whole. »

Yes, of course ! I fully agree. Each culture has its own Vision of what is the purpose of men and the world.

That is why the scientific approach of Japanese people (often with Animist values background) are quite different from western ones. I remember a discussion about consciousness in animals : western approach required to prove that the studied animals had consciousness. Instead, the Japanese scientist’s approach was to accept that they have one, unless proof of the contrary is given.

Also, when we look at Native cultures, their understanding of the universe and purpose of life make them helpless in front of western Judeo-Christian views of the world (to include individual freedom, liberal economy and the destruction of ecosystems which goes with it, etc)