Livonian Order

Welcome back to Coins and Coffee! Articles about history and coins to enjoy with your morning cup of joe.

Today I will be talking about the Livonian Order.

Let's talk about the history of the coins.

How It Formed

How the Livonian Order was formed was from the remnants of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword after their defeat by Samogitians in 1236 at the Battle of Schaulen. They were made part of the Teutonic Knights and became known as the Livonian Order in 1237.

How It Fell Apart

How the Livonian Order fell apart was During the Livonian War the order suffered a decisive defeat by troops of Muscovy in the Battle of Ergeme in 1560. The Livonian Order then sought protection from Sigismund II, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania, who had intervened in a war between Bishop William of Riga and the Brothers in 1557. After coming to an agreement with Sigismund II the last Livonian Master, Gotthard Kettler secularized the order and converted to Lutheranism. In the southern part of the Brothers’ lands, he created the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia for his family. Most of the remaining lands were seized by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The north of Estonia was taken back by Denmark and Sweden.

Now let’s get into the coins!

This 1535 Schilling is from Livonian Riga (Riga is the capital of modern-day Latvia).

Design: I do quite like the obverse because it is in better condition than the reverse but the reverse is my favourite, the crossed keys on the reverse looks really awesome (Coat of arms of Riga).

This 1542 Schilling is from Livonian Reval (Modern day Estonia).

Design: In my opinion, I don’t like the design for this too much, It just seems generic and un-unique unlike the design for the Riga schilling.

Credits:

Wikipedia.org