“If I Have Seen Further, it is by Standing on the Shoulders of Giants” -Isaac Newton
By Jeremy G
Isaac Newton couldn’t have said truer words. It is the past experiences that help direct future decisions. There are brilliant minds in all fields, and when it comes to the Cyber Republic, the motto is freedom, working together towards a new smart and secure web.
There are no borders in this ecosystem; anyone can join and contribute with developer or non-developer talents. Getting to this point of being a collaborative CR community with all the interesting personalities it boasts, is based on historically significant events that have directly instilled the idea of decentralization into today and into the future. If we take the journey back hundreds of years, we can see how the idea of decentralization formed and the direction it’s taken. Learning about these events will give a clearer picture of the direction the CR should take regarding governance and ideals.
All revolutions start with ideas. One man’s ideas and passion for Liberty started the conversation of true decentralization. That man’s name is Alexis De Tocqueville. Tocqueville was a renowned French Diplomat, historian, and writer of two books that changed the way of common thinking: “Democracy in America” and “The Old Regime and Revolution”.
Tocqueville traveled to America with a colleague in the 1820’s to profile its penal system and how it operated. The goal was to write a book on America’s prison system in efforts to reform the French penal system. The book, “On the Penitentiary System in the United States and its Application in France, (1833)”, was massively successful, leading to the implementation of fair practices in France’s prison systems.
Tocqueville then focused on liberty, becoming infatuated with America and the Democracy it represented. He blamed France’s political problems with its centralized government. His words to a friend on ideal decentralization are eerily echoed in today’s world by libertarians and crypto enthusiasts: “Picture to yourself,” he wrote, “a society which comprises all the nations of the world — English, French, German: people differing from one another in language, in beliefs, in opinions; in a word a society possessing no roots, no memories, no prejudices, no routine, no common ideas, no national character, yet with a happiness a hundred times greater than our own…How are they welded into one people? By community of interests. That is the secret!”” These ideals led him to travel to England in order to study its society. He summarized that England was the land of Decentralization. While it had a centralized government, it wasn’t a centralized administration. He noted, “Each county, each borough, each district looks after its own interests. Industry is left to itself…It is not in the nature of things that a central government should be able to supervise all the wants of a great nation. Decentralization is the chief cause of England’s material progress.” His book, “Democracy in America”, shared these decentralized ideals to the world and has be known as one of the most revolutionary publications on the topic of all time.
In the 1850’s, Tocqueville wrote the book, “The Old Regime and Revolution”. This piece transcribed the pitfalls of centralized government and how the French Revolution tried to change that. He stated that the objective of the French Revolution was to change both the ancient form of government and the ancient state of society. It’s society and government had turned into a large, central power that absorbed secondary powers, i.e. orders, classes, professions, etc. Unfortunately, at the time, Tocqueville’s work fell out of style, and in the late 1800’s France turned into the fascist, communistic society–the government that he feared the most.
Decentralization began to hit the mainstream again in the mid 1900’s. Respectable authors and experienced professionals started writing about the topic, and proof emerged that decentralization had benefits in correct use-cases. Former Rhodes scholar and businessman, E.F. Schumacher, feared the emphasis on quantitative growth rather than a worker’s experience and how productive they were. E.F. Schumacher wrote a book called “Small is Beautiful” based on his time leading and planning the British Coal Industry and basing his works on the Scott Bader Commonwealth philosophy. Ernest Bader, an owner of a family owned Plastics company, came up with a revolutionary idea at the time. He vested ownership of the company to his newly created a John Bader Commonwealth. The workers of the company would help write a constitution setting up basic rules. A semi-decentralized workflow brewed in the John Bader company. While others deemed this practice unwise or foolish, the company reaped the benefits of its strength during tough times, while increasing profits with consistent large bonuses being distributed along with donations. This style of governance helped the business grow and achieve sustainable success.
In 1957, Leopald Kohr wrote a book about of absolute centralized power called, “The Breakdown of Nations”. The major theme of the book was to explain how absolute power is a nuisance to government and society and something to avoid. A few intriguing quotes explain it all, “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, Lord Acton famously observed, while Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn echoed this sentiment writing: “Unlimited power in the hands of limited people always leads to cruelty.”
Kohr describes how decentralization leaves less and somewhat equal power distributed amongst other social classes and groups. This leads to better competition, Kohr claims, and best to counteract tyranny in society. He believes that creating a multiple of social systems would minimize group conflicts. No one has too much power and responsibilities and industries are balanced throughout society.
In 1982 futurist John Naisbitt came out with the book, “Modern Trends” with the 5th being about taking society from a centralized to decentralized way of life. This book sold over 14 million copies and on the New York Times Best Seller list for two years. Discussions were being had around the dinner table on how we view the structure of our society and what the possibilities were.
Code and scripts then also started becoming decentralized. Open source platforms such as Napster and LimeWire in the 1990’s popped up as music and file sharing hubs. This open-source framework become the trend amongst developers globally. In 2009, Bitcoin was famously created by “Satoshi Nakamoto”. This was the first digital currency, using a Proof of Work consensus mechanism done by miners in order to secure transactions for users of the Bitcoin Network. This system was not run by governments, but by code. It’s become the defacto cryptocurrency in the land and is known as a true, decentralized global digital payment system in the world.
Through the past 200 years there have been people and products that have made big strides towards decentralization. Where does the Cyber Republic fit in this historical timeline? How will the CR learn from the lessons in its past in order to achieve full decentralization in its ecosystem? A good way to answer these questions is to look at what the CR’s future is and how it will shape the world.
It was Tocqueville in the mid 1800’s that preached a society with people from all cultures motivated from each other’s common interests as the ultimate form of a decentralized culture. Here in 2019, the Cyber Republic is made up of people from many countries and continents in pursuit of a new smart web that promotes decentralization and freedom to earn compensation for hard work and meaningful content. This is a trait that would make the French politician proud about the CR.
E.F. Schumacher wrote a book called, “Small is Beautiful”, based on his time leading and planning the British Coal Industry and basing his works on the Scott Bader Commonwealth philosophy. E.F. Schumaker made a tough decision to liquidate his company into a Commonwealth and had his workers construct a Constitution regarding the rules of the practices. The Cyber Republic has a constitution explaining its goals and current construct. It’s architecture of being a dual-consensus mechanism of AuxPow and DPoS gives it its ultimate decentralized traits. As elections of the 96 Participant DPoS nodes begins, DPoS will be complete with 108 total nodes, including the 12 CR Nodes. The constitution acts as Schumaker’s Commonwealth that is in place for the betterment of the ecosystem. Bitcoin has become one of the most powerful and secure networks on the Planet. Elastos is merge mining on the Bitcoin Network gives it another form of protection. The CR can exhale in relief, knowing that the protection of the network is taken care of by the DPoS Supernodes and the Bitcoin miners, both.
The Cyber Republic and Elastos have the proper infrastructure in place in order to build a fully functional decentralized and fully autonomous ecosystem. There will be 12 democratically elected Council members who will take part in making decisions on which projects get funded, taking into account what direction the community wants to take. There will be no fear of Absolute Power, as Leopold Kohr feared in the 1950’s. It’s inherent decentralized Consensus ensures the step-by-step process needed to be done by multiple parties in order to let a transaction go through the network.
Projects like DMA, ioeX, Viewchain, Hyper Connect, and others are looking to pave the way to a decentralized society and marketplace as John Naisbitt foreshadowed it in his best seller. The Cyber Republic is the next leader of the decentralized space. For it is on the shoulders of giants that we will continue to help us CR community members form the most ideal, unified, and protected decentralized society.
This is an article excerpt from our April 15, 2019 Weekly Update, which you can read in its entirety here.
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