Styles of architecture vary greatly over the years throughout history and across different regions, traditions, and cultures. Each unique style offers something special to the community it is built in as well as the entire world, providing forms of art, functionality, innovation, and growth. A particular architectural style can be born for a variety of different reasons including updates in technology, readily available materials, eco-friendly practices, and much more. Listed below are some of the common styles of architecture seen throughout history and all around the world.

Gothic Architecture

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This is an architectural style that was popular in the 12th century in Europe where it lasted to the 16th century. These buildings are mostly made of stone structures where they used masons’ efforts to try and solve all the problems that occur during construction. The buildings were known to have Tall designs which swept upwards and this was made possible by the flying buttress. The builders would scale new heights to allow them reach up into the clouds and sky, the perfect examples are the cathedrals and churches. The gothic structures often contained a pointed arch that was said to support weight comparing to spindly pillars. The ceiling would be made in a vertical design, which showed achievements from the pointed arches where it would spread weight and force from upper floors. The distribution of force would enable vaults to be built in different sizes and shapes. …


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With a bachelor of arts in environmental and urban studies and a master’s degree in urban planning, Daniel Hewes is well-educated in the field of urban sustainability. As such, Daniel Hewes possesses a deep understanding of the challenges that cities and local governments face in their efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

But how can local governments make needed changes? Listed below are some creative strategies that cities can implement to preserve and protect the environment.

1. Communities can require mixed-use development zones that promote residential, business, and industrial co-location. A benefit of this strategy is that it increases walkability and bicycle travel. …


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A recent graduate of Columbia University, Daniel Hewes holds a MS in urban planning. He also attended Northeastern University, where he earned a BA in environmental and urban studies. As a local resident, Daniel Hewes enjoys taking advantage of all that the city has to offer, including bike trails through Central Park and along the Hudson River.

The city has lots to offer the biker. One popular route is the Waterfront Greenway, a newer path that offers great views of the skyway. The route lasts approximately seven miles and, as there is no car traffic, is very relaxing.

Editor-in-chief of Streetsblog.org and avid biker Ben Fried recommends several highlights along the route. First, he suggests bikers get caffeinated on Franklin Street. Along the route, he suggests stopping at East River State Park at North 8th Street. He also recommends departing the traditional route on York Street in order to check out some of the historic cobblestone blocks just north of the trail that wind through Vinegar Hill and Dumbo. For food, Fried recommends Sicilian cuisine at the classic Ferdinando’s or the roof deck at Alma, when Ferdinando’s is closed on Sundays. …


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Holding a bachelor’s degree in environmental and urban studies from Boston University, Daniel Hewes went on to enroll at Columbia University, where he completed a master’s degree in urban planning through the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation. Active in his field, Daniel Hewes maintains membership with the American Planning Association (APA).

Each year, APA holds several meetings and conferences as part of its efforts to promote sound urban planning practices. Currently, the organization is preparing for its upcoming Policy and Advocacy Conference, which will take place September 18–20, 2016, in Washington, DC.

The event will open with two days of leadership training and education sessions on various topics, including communications and social media, state advocacy, land-use law, and infrastructure funding. The opening sessions will give attendees insight into changing policies and feature presentations from prominent speakers, including US Housing and Urban Development secretary Julian Castro. …


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Daniel Hewes recently earned a master’s degree in urban planning from Columbia University and has since worked with chapters of the American Institute of Architects and the United States Green Building Council. In line with his academic and career interests, Daniel Hewes closely follows trends in urban planning and the development of smart cities.

One of the trends gaining momentum in the smart cities movement is that governments are becoming more aware of the initiative and are quickly moving toward adoption. A recent report by IDC Research suggests that local and state governments, as well as the federal government, are making increased strides toward developing smart cities. …

About

Daniel Hewes

Daniel Hewes is a professional and consultant working in Urban Planning and Architectural Development throughout the city of Boston. http://danhewes.com/

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