The complete GUIDE TO BAG PIPES

Dean Colleano
Feb 23 · 2 min read

While bagpipes might appear to be crudely traditional instruments, you will find various kinds bagpipes — each using a distinctive character and sound. The seven varieties of bagpipes are: Great Highland bagpipes, Irish Uilleann bagpipes, Northumbrian bagpipes, Scottish smallpipes, Biniou, Center-France bagpipes, and Gaita. Great Highland bagpipes
The Truly Amazing Highland bagpipe is among the most popular bagpipes type. It came from Scotland and Ireland and is also frequently used by pipe and soloists bands in civilian and military performances. It really is played in the mixolydian scale, through the natural low G key to the true secret of A, composed of two tenor drones then one bass drone.
Irish Uilleann bagpipes The Irish Uillean bagpipe is considered the most advanced type of bagpipe. It really is played from the diatonic scale, within the key of natural C and also the key of major D. It will always be played in staccato — a form of playing that is certainly short and rapid.

Northumbrian smallpipes The Northumbrian smallpipe is actually a bellows-blown kind of bagpipe. It typically is made up of four drones that could be tuned to numerous pitches and combinations. They have chanters with seven 17 keys and possesses several of the unique qualities of your Irish Uilleann bagpipes. However, it requires very tight fingering to play in staccato.
Scottish smallpipes
The Scottish small pipe is loved by highland pipers. Also, it is a bellow-blown form of bagpipe but has got the same fingering system as being the Great Highland bagpipe. It can also be mouth-blown and definitely will not make the same sound and tone quality because it comes with a delicate reed construction.
Biniou
Caused by Brittany France, the Binou was designed to be mouth-blown. It is actually played one note above the octave scale and a flat lead tone below it. It produces a solid which is one octave higher than the excellent Highland bagpipe, producing a high pitched sound. Together with the bombarde, it really is popular to accompany folk dancing in Breton.
Center-France bagpipes
Also known as the chevrette, the Cenetr-France bagpipe is made from goatskin and is also a mouth-blown instrument. It is commonly used inside theBourbonnais and Morvan, and Nivernais areas of France.
Gaita The Gaita is played by pipe bands and folk groups, usually in many regions of Portugal, and specifically in Asturias. It features a conical chanter and will be played inside the key of D, C sharp, C, B flat, B, A, and G.
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