As soon as it gets graded, im going to post it here, and post the link here, but here are some interesting parts i found.
According to one definition, cognitive dissonance can be defined as a discomfort that an individual feels when one or more values or beliefs are contradicted by another set of values (Festinger, 1957). While people often feel that reality often conflicts with their expectations, they can often experience severe social anxiety and in more often than not have a tendency to withdraw from reality into a type of fantasy world, and in extreme cases, depression. For healthily individuals who experience cognitive dissonance that conflicts with their worldview, they typically have one or more of the follow reactions (Higgins, E.T.1987):
1. The individual alters their conflicting behavior.
2. The individual justifies their actions, by altering the original discomfort they have perceived. This justification is used to say that this action only happens once in a while and therefore doesn’t affect the moral code.
3. The person justifies the behavior of action by combining it with another action that is more acceptable. This is a type of mental trade-off. If this action upsets the patient’s moral code, they will do another action to make up for it.
4. Deny the conflicting information occurred. This can take the form of Aesop tale of the fox and the grapes, whereupon failure to obtain the grapes the fox walked away from the sour grapes. This type of action subverts the reality and is a type of coping mechanism.
(see the fox reference!)