Cauda equina syndrome is a medical emergency and it must be diagnosed quickly, as well as treated urgently in order to avoid long term complications. It occurs at the level of the lower roots, causing lower motor neuron injury. The cauda equina is multiple nerve roots within the lower end of the spinal canal, beginning at the level of L1, and L1-S5 peripheral nerve roots are inside the lumbar canal.

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Cauda Equina Syndrome Level

The symptoms of cauda equina syndrome usually present bilaterally and symmetrically. …


The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body. It arises from the lumbosacral plexus in the pelvis. The ventral rami of L4 to S3 nerve roots unite to form the sciatic nerve. In this way, the sciatic nerve plus S4 is the lumbosacral plexus.

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The sciatic nerve has two components: the tibial nerve and the common peroneal nerve. …


The triceps muscle is a powerful extensor of the elbow joint.

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About

Nabil Ebraheim

Dr. Ebraheim is the Chairman of Orthopaedics and the Director of the Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Program at the University of Toledo.

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