Drytech Restoration Services

Contact Dry-Tech Water Damage Restoration Services for fast 24/7 emergency water damage restoration, mold remediation and smoke and fire damage in the western suburbs of Philadelphia and surrounding areas. Our IICRC trained restoration specialists are qualified and have the equipment to handle any size restoration job. At Dry-Tech Water Damage Restoration Services, we know water, mold and/or smoke and fire damage can be overwhelming for you and costly to your home or commercial building, so our restoration specialists will work with you step-by-step through the entire process.Call 610–304–5117 to Contact Us Today!

Water mitigation is the process of reducing or preventing the amount of waterdamage that happens after

a flood or a permeating leak. It prevents additional damage by taking fast, appropriate actions.

One type of specialty contractor is the restoration or emergency service provider. They are the ones who are most aware of the need for speedy responses. Their equipment listing is composed of fans and dehumidifiers to get rid of the moisture that accumulates in the home

Specialty contractor” means a contractor who performs work on a structure, project, development or improvement and whose operations as such do not fall within the definition of “general contractor.”A specialty contractor is a contractor whose operations as such are the performance of construction work requiring special skill and whose principal contracting business involves the use of specialized building trades or crafts.

Water damage describes a large number of possible losses caused by water intruding where it will enable attack of a material or system by destructive processes such as rotting of wood, growth, rusting of steel, de-laminating of materials such as plywood, and many others.A clause in a property-casualty insurance contract. A water damage clause states that the insured is covered for water damage that occurs for specific reasons, such as frozen pipes or sewer backup. Water damage clauses are therefore usually included in most homeowners and renters’ policies.

Fire damage refers to the physical damage to a property as a result of burning. Thisdamage may either be directly caused by the flames or could occur due to smoke and other corrosive substances emitted by the fire. In terms of insurance, fire damage is one of the types of coverage offered in property insurance.

Sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) is a condition in which untreated sewage is discharged from a sanitary sewer into the environment prior to reaching sewage treatment facilities. When caused by rainfall it is also known as wet weather overflow.

Water Damage

Disaster mitigation measures are those that eliminate or reduce the impacts and risks of hazards through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disasteroccurs.

Disaster recovery (DR) involves a set of policies and procedures to enable the recovery or continuation of vital technology infrastructure and systems following a natural or human-induced disaster.

ANSI/IICRC S500–2015 provides a specific set of practical standards for water damage restoration. It does not attempt to teach comprehensive water damage restoration procedures; rather, it provides the foundation for basic principles of proper restoration practices. ANSI/IICRC S500–2015 does not attempt to include exhaustive performance characteristics or standards for the manufacture or installation of structural components, materials and contents (personal property).

ANSI/IICRC S500–2015 Standard for Professional Water Damage Restoration is a procedural standard. It is based on reliable restoration principles, research and practical experience. In addition, there has been extensive consultation and information obtained from numerous sources. These sources include, but are not necessarily limited to the scientific community, international, national and regional trade associations serving the professional restoration industry, chemical formulators and equipment manufacturers, cleaning and restoration training schools, restoration service companies, the insurance industry, allied trades persons and others with specialized experience. It is subject to further revision as developments occur in technology, testing and processing procedures.

How To Tell If You Have Mold In Your Apartment Or Water Leak Damage Issues

Posted on February 3, 2017 by Anthony Pieri

Water damage restoration is something that many of us may need without realizing it. The common mistake here, is to assume that you don’t need water damage restoration until things get dramatic — until you have water bursting forth from a pipe or flood water slowly rising in your home. In these cases, you might be tempted to panic and to try and call water damage restoration companies just as soon as you’ve managed to stop the influx of water and the other causes of water damage.

In fact though, this is commonly not what water damage will look like. More often, you’ll find that water damagetakes the form of a more gradual deterioration caused by a leak or some kind of standing water. This is the kind of damage that leads to your home deteriorating without you even realizing. It might cause sanitization issues, it’s not very energy efficient and it can lead to mold, structural issues and all manner of other problems and other causes of water damage.

So what are these common, often undetected, causes of water damage and mold? Read on and we will look at the biggest culprits.

Flat Roofs

A flat roof in theory should be just as ‘good’ as a sloped roof but when things start going wrong, it can create a host of new problems that others just don’t.

Normally, in order to work properly, a flat roof should have a slight gradient to it. In other words, despite the name, flat roofs are not normally actually flat. A flat roof then is very slightly convex and that’s how it is able to gradually cause water to run off of it and into your gutters.

The problem though, is that this slight slope can sometimes be undermined by various issues or it can deteriorate and slightly give way to create a genuinely flat or even concave shaped roof.

One way this can happen for example is if leaves, branches and debris should build up on your roof. This can create enough weight in order to apply pressure to the weakest point of the flat roof, thus causing it to collapse inward slightly. Thus, all water will now pool on the top of the roof instead of running off of it.

Another issue is that cold weather can create what are known as ‘ice dams’. Here, you have a normal puddle on your roof that usually would run off of it like any other water. The problem is that the edges of the puddle then freeze due to the cold weather and this actually is enough to trap the water in place. The ice literally forms a dam because water will generally freeze at the edges first.

In either scenario, you now have standing water on your roof which can be one of the causes of water damageand mold to form on the ceiling and the roof itself and which can cause a crack and a leak in your ceiling. Over time this damage can become more and more extensive, leading you to need water damage restoration.

Gutters

Another common culprit when it comes to the causes of water damage is the gutter system. Normally, your gutters have the job of directing water away from your roof and away from your building more generally as it runs off the edges. This will work fine though until the gutters become blocked with debris such as leaves and branches and thus another dam forms.

Now the water will begin to overflow over the edges of the gutters and thus start running down the side of the house. You can spot this by looking at the paint on your walls — are there dirty water marks from rainwater that’s flooded out of the gutters?

This same problem can also be one of the causes of water damage in other ways. For instance, if there should be a crack or a hole in your gutter, then the water will leak down the side of the building even when there isn’t heavy rain.

Again, either scenario means that your walls are now going to be perpetually wet which can lead them to deteriorate and which can be one of the causes of water damage to spread. Worse though, the water might start building up around the base of your home where it can lead to more severe water damage such as basement leaks or mold.

Leaking Pipes

If you have a leaking pipe then this can often lead to destructive water damage in your home without your even being aware. The problem here is that the water can leak in a loft or a under your floor boards and might just be a very subtle dripping. Thus it never gets extensive enough for you to notice but you nevertheless have constant dampness which leads to water damage and black mold.

What causes leaking pipes? There are actually a number of things. For instance, if your water is the wrong level of acidity, then this doesn’t allow for the formation of a film on the inside of copper pipes. Ultimately this causes them to become dissolved. When it’s very cold, this can also sometimes cause problems with pipes as they may be prone to freezing over (in fact any sudden temperature change can be a problem). Sometimes it can be as simple as rust setting in or a valve or tap not being properly turned off.

How do you know if you have leaking pipes if you can’t see the water damage? One sign might be from your taps — if your water is discolored (brown or yellowish), or if the water pressure seems low, then this might point to a leak.

Other Problems

There are many more causes of water damage over time and if you’re unsure, then it’s always better to be safe rather than sorry — so get your home checked out! A water damage restoration company will not only be able to help restore your home but will also specialize in tracking down the source of the problem to begin with.

Flooding Caused by Storms

If you live in an area that’s prone to flooding during major winter storms, your home may be vulnerable to water damage. To avoid issues caused by flooding, be sure to protect your home by taking all of the necessary precautions before the storm season each year.

Meantime,Anthony Pieri, a water damage and mold remediator at Drytech Restoration Services , a Philadelphia-based property damage restoration company, reports his company deals with newer buildings with mold problems more than older ones. “We respond to plenty of leaks and occurences in old and new buildings,” he says, “but I think we do more mold remediation in newer buildings.”

The reason: “Newer buildings don’t breathe as much, and if there is some kind of leak or water damage, mold can grow,” says Gross. Older buildings have fewer materials that are “food for mold.” Engineered flooring, sheetrock, and processed materials are “junk food for mold,”

Top 3 sources of mold

Anthony says there are three main scenarios for the proliferation of mold in new and old apartments,:

Leaks from another apartment. Pipe breaks and water overflows can soak your ceiling and walls from above, or seep into your floors and walls from the side. The most common offender: Plastic water supply lines to sinks and toilets, which newer buildings tend to use more. (Tip: Copper, which older buildings tend to use, in addition to galvanized steel, almost never leaks..

Treatment: If, for example, your upstairs neighbor’s toilet or shower overflows into one room of your apartment, your ceiling and walls would be affected. Professional water remediation — which involves drying out area behind the wall to prevent mold — costs about $1,200-$4,000. That process takes about 3 to 10 days and includes extracting the standing water with specialty equipment, making holes in the wall to ventilate the wall cavities and injecting dry air in cavities, possibly pulling down a light fixture to get air into the ceiling, cleaning and treating all surfaces with an antimicrobial agent, and setting up specialty drying equipment.

Expect the fee to run between $8,000 to $15,000 for a full mold remediation. And since many insurance policies carrying mold exclusion these days (more on that below), you may wind up paying for all of this yourself.

Clogged PTAC units. These all-in-one heating-and-cooling units, located radiator-style against the wall, are a huge blind spot for apartment owners in newer buildings, who tend not to realize that these units require twice yearly maintenance and that as the owner of the apartment, it’s their responsibility, . “If you rent in a condo, your landlord (the unit owner) is responsible for maintenance,”. “If you are in a rental building then the landlord is responsible for it, but in those cases there is usually a building-wide maintenance contract. The blind spot is the ‘amateur landlord’ (person who buys a condo for investment and then rents it out),” .

Broken washing machine hose. “We get a lot of

these,” says Anthony Pieri . “When you buy a washing machine, even the fancy ones, they install them with inexpensive rubber hoses — those are the ones that break, as opposed to the less-than-$30 stainless-steel-wrapped hoses you can buy at Home Depot that almost never leak.”

Treatment: “If we come in right away after the leak is caught, we’ll vent the wall cavities, pull the base moldings off, drill holes and get air movement into the wall cavities to dry them,” says Anthony.

For one room, he says, the cost is around $1,200 to $5,000. If mold has already set in, a full scale remediation would entail removing the flooring and base moldings, cutting the sheetrock walls up two feet around the perimeter of the room, then treating as described below. Price: $8,000-$12,000. following stict IICRC Mold Remediation Guidelines

How to tell whether you have mold in your apartment

Can you smell mold?

Generally, if mold is present, you will know. The best testing kits are your eyes and nose. Even if mold is not visible (behind a wall, for instance) its signature mustysmell will likely give it away. Mold spores will not grow without moisture, so control and prevention depend on eliminating moisture.

Why does black mold grow on walls?

Mould is caused by a fungus which likes to grow cold, dark and damp conditions, particularly in areas which are poorly ventilated or not adequately heated in winter.Mould often appears on surfaces in your home like walls, ceilings and carpets. It might look like a stain, smudge or discoloration.

Can mold be purple?

Mold can appear in various colors including black, white, gray-green, or grayish-brown. Sometimes the moldthat grows behind vinyl wallpaper can look pinkish-purple or even orange.

So how do you know if you have a problem? It’s not always obvious, says Anthony Pieri from Drytech Restoration Services.

  • Water damage: You’ll probably notice water damage and staining before you notice any signs of mold, because mold tends to grow faster inside the wall than on the surface. That’s why it’s important to address any moisture problems quickly.
  • Odor: One of the first signs that mold might be present is a wet, musty smell or the smell of moldy, wet building materials. These indicate a moisture problem that can lead to mold; it doesn’t necessarily mean you have mold.
  • Spots: Black, gray, green or brown spotting. Only testing can prove whether or not it’s mold, but if you see spotting on a surface like sheetrock that is or was wet, it’s worth testing, says Gross.
  • Health problems: Respiratory reactions including asthma are most common, though mold sensitivity can also cause headaches and skin rashes. Some people have symptoms immediately; for others, it develops over time. Note that not all types of mold cause health problems; to identify which type you have, an industrial hygienist will need to collect a sample for testing.

Anatomy of a full-scale mold remediation Service

Full-scale mold remediations in apartments typically cost around $8,000 to $15,000,says Anthony. Unless your insurance excludes mold, which many policies do, it will be covered if caused by a “covered event” like a pipe break or overflow from next door.

“Mold is usually limited or excluded” from insurance policies

To understand why your handyman isn’t perhaps the best person for the job of removing mold, here’s Anthonys rundown of what goes into a full-scale mold remediation:

  1. Containment of the work area: “Mold is a living organism and when you disturb it kicks off spores into the air, so we seal off the work area by building a tent of poly sheeting around it to prevent cross contamination.”
  2. Negative pressure of the work area: “We exhaust the work area through HEPA filtration usually to the outdoors. That basically puts the area in a vacuum — the negative pressure prevents mold spores from migrating out of the work area into the rest of the apartment while we’re working.”
  3. Removal of contaminated materials: “It’s more of a surgical removal than a demolition. We don’t use sledgehammers — we use knives and spray bottles to wet down the material. The debris we create is bagged in poly bags taped shut and the exterior has to be vacuumed to prevent cross-contamination. Surfaces that can’t be removed, like a concrete slab, have to be cleaned and if there is evidence of contamination, have to be encapsulated in an antimicrobial sealant, like a primer.”
  4. Cleaning: “We assume the entire work area is now contaminated. All surfaces must be cleaned in a three-step process — HEPA vacuuming, damp wipe and HEPA vacuuming — sometimes called the HEPA sandwich. We also scrub the air — air is filtered over and over again through HEPA filtration, at least four air exchanges per hour for 12–24 hours.”
  5. Post-remediation verification: “An industrial hygienist will come in and take air samples of the work area, the area beside the work area and the outdoors to compare them to each other and to pre-remediation tests if any to determine that the mold levels in the work are have returned to normal.”

If you are think you have mold, you may want to contact an environmental consultant (certified industrial hygienist) to take air samples, perform a survey and devise a clean-up plan. Beware of remediation companies that offer ‘mold fogging’ or filling wall cavities with spray foam rather than removal of the contaminants.

“Remember that it’s illegal for a company to do both remediation and testing,” says Anthony Pieri. “You always want an independent third party, preferably an industrial hygienist, to perform air testing.

Dry-Tech Water Damage Restoration Services for fast 24/7 emergency water damage restoration, mold remediation and smoke and fire damage in the western suburbs of Philadelphia and surrounding areas. Our trained restoration specialists are qualified and have the equipment to handle any size restoration job. At Dry-Tech Water Damage Restoration Services, we know water, mold and/or smoke and fire damage can be overwhelming for you and costly to your home or commercial building, so our restoration specialists will work with you step-by-step through the entire process.
Call 610–304–5117 to Contact Us Today! Sewage Cleanup: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460, Pottstown 19464, Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087, Paoli 19301, Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076, Pennsburg 18073, Perkiomenville 18074, Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520, Honeybrook 19344, Chester Springs 19425, Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475
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Anthony Pieri
Anthony Pieri

Dry-Tech Water Damage Restoration Services
restore-911.com

Posted in Mold Remediation Tagged Basement Water Removal, Carpet Drying After Flood, fire and insurance companies, fire damage, Flood, Flood Clean Up, Flood Damage Cleanup, Flood Restoration, Flood Water Extraction, Flood Water Removal, mold remediation, mold remediation expert, mold remediation professional, Sewage Removal, smoke damage, Water Damage Clean Up, water damage insurance, Water Damage Repair, Water Damage Restoration, Water Damage Service permalink

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Dry-Tech Restoration Services, LLC · 80 Central Avenue · Spring City, PA 19475 · 610–304–5117 · DryTech2014@gmail.comService Areas

Fire Damage: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460 Pottstown 19464, Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087, Paoli 19301,Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076, Pennsburg 18073, Perkiomenville 18074,Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520, Honeybrook 19344, Chester Springs 19425,Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475

Mold Remediation: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460, Pottstown 19464,Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087,Paoli 19301, Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076, Pennsburg 18073,Perkiomenville 18074, Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520, Honeybrook 19344,Chester Springs 19425, Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475

Restoration Services: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460, Pottstown 19464,Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087,Paoli 19301, Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076, Pennsburg 18073,Perkiomenville 18074, Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520, Honeybrook 19344,Chester Springs 19425, Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475

Sewage Cleanup: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460, Pottstown 19464,Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087,Paoli 19301, Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076, Pennsburg 18073,Perkiomenville 18074, Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520, Honeybrook 19344,Chester Springs 19425, Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475, Havertown 19083, Haverford 19041, Broomall 19008, Ardmore 19003, Newtown Square 19073, Upper Darby 19082, Drexel Hill 19026, Radnor 19087, Springfield 19064, Media 19063, Jamison 18929, Sellersville 18960, Doylestown 18902, Newtown 18940, Willow Grove 19090, Warmister 18974,Hatfield 19440, Langhorne 19047, Bensalem 19020, Huntington Valley 19006, Chalfont 18914, Ambler 19002, Perkasie 18944, Green Lane 18054, Telford 18969, Richboro 18954, Bridgeport 19405, Elkins Park 19027, Gwynedd Valley 19046, Mt. Airy 19119, Overbrook 19151, Germantown 19144, East Falls 19129, Strawberry Mansion 19132, West Philly 19139, Museum of Art 19118, Manayunk 19127, Reading 19506, Fleetwood 19522, Ephrata 17543, Douglass 19525, Mohnton 19540, Wyomissing 19609, Wyomissing 19610, Shillington 19607, Downingtown 19335, Kimberton 19442, West Chester 19382, St. Peters 19470, Coatesville 19320

Water Damage: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460, Pottstown 19464,Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087,Paoli 19301, Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076, Pennsburg 18073,Perkiomenville 18074, Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520, Honeybrook 19344,Chester Springs 19425, Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475, Havertown 19083, Haverford 19041, Broomall 19008, Ardmore 19003, Newtown Square 19073, Upper Darby 19082, Drexel Hill 19026, Radnor 19087, Springfield 19064, Media 19063, Jamison 18929, Sellersville 18960, Doylestown 18902, Newtown 18940, Willow Grove 19090, Warmister 18974,Hatfield 19440, Langhorne 19047, Bensalem 19020, Huntington Valley 19006, Chalfont 18914, Ambler 19002, Perkasie 18944, Green Lane 18054, Telford 18969, Richboro 18954, Bridgeport 19405, Elkins Park 19027, Gwynedd Valley 19046, Mt. Airy 19119, Overbrook 19151, Germantown 19144, East Falls 19129, Strawberry Mansion 19132, West Philly 19139, Museum of Art 19118, Manayunk 19127, Reading 19506, Fleetwood 19522, Ephrata 17543, Douglass 19525, Mohnton 19540, Wyomissing 19609, Wyomissing 19610, Shillington 19607, Downingtown 19335, Kimberton 19442, West Chester 19382, St. Peters 19470, Coatesville 19320

Flood Cleanup: Collegeville 19426, Royersford 19468, Norristown 19403, Eagleville 19408, Audubon 19407, Oaks 19456, Schwenksville 19473, Skippack 19474, Phoenixville 19460, Pottstown 19464,Pottstown 19465, Ludwigs 19425, Boyertown 19512, Birdsboro 19508, Kimberton 19442, Douglasville 19518, Zieglersville 19492, Malvern 19355, Chesterbrook 19087, King of Prussia 19406, Wayne 19087,Paoli 19301, Berwyn 19312, Devon 19333, Roxborough 19128, Bryn Mawr 19010, Villanova 19085, Exton 19341, Bala Cynwyd 19004, Merion Station 19066, Narberth 19072, Narberth 19072, Gladwyne 19035, Valley Forge 19485, Valley Forge 19483, Wynnewood 19096, Lafayette Hill 19444, Worcester 19490, Spring Mount 19477, Lansdale 19446, Harleysville 19438, Blue Bell 19422, Red Hill 18076,Pennsburg 18073, Perkiomenville 18074, Gilbertsville 19525, Barto 19504, Frederick 19435, Conshohocken 19428, Plymouth Meeting 19462, Amity 19518, Kutztown 19530, Bally 19503, Elverson 19520,Honeybrook 19344, Chester Springs 19425, Dresher 19025, Jenkintown 19046, Glenside 19038, City Line 19131, Spring City 19475

Wet Hardwood Floor

According the IICRC (Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification), which sets the standards for the cleaning industry and water damage restoration training, there are several different levels and classes involved in liquid destruction. From the IICRC’s S-500 standards,
3 categories of Water Damage
Category 1. This is liquid from a clean and sanitary source, such as faucets, toilet tanks, drinking fountains, etc. But, category one can quickly degrade into category two.
Category 2. This category of liquid used to be called grey water, and is described as having a level of contaminates that may cause illness or discomfort if ingested. Sources include dishwasher or washing machine overflows, flush from sink drains, and toilet overflow with some urine but not feces.
Category 3. This is the worst classification and is grossly unsanitary. It could cause severe illness or death if ingested. It used to be called black water, and sources include sewer backup, flooding from rivers or streams, toilet overflow with feces, and stagnant liquid that has begun to support bacterial growth.

4 Classes of Water Damage

Class 1. The lowest and easiest to deal with, this has a slow evaporation rate. Only part of a room or area was affected, there is little or no wet carpet, and the moisture has only affected materials with a low permeance rate, such as plywood or concrete.
Class 2. With a fast evaporation rate, this level affects an entire room, carpeting, or cushioning, the wetness has wicked up the walls at least 12”, and there is moisture remaining in structural materials.
Class 3. This class has the fastest evaporation rate, and ceilings, walls, insulation, carpet and sub-floors are all saturated. The liquid may have come from overhead.
Class 4. This class is labeled as specialty drying situations, which means there has been enough liquid and time to saturate materials with very low permeance, such as hardwood, brick, or stone.

Category of Water: (source of the water) Category 1 (a.k.a. “clean”) — originates from a sanitary water source  Category 2 (a.k.a. “gray”) — contaminated; may cause discomfort or sickness Category 3 (a.k.a. “black”) — grossly contaminated; includes toxins, pathogens Special Situations — regulated or hazardous materials Class of Water: (quantity; anticipated evaporation rate; initial dehumidifier calculations)  Class 1 — least amount of water, absorption and evaporation Class 2 — large amount of water, absorption and evaporation (carpet; cushion; base of walls) Class 3 — greatest amount of water, absorption and evaporation (ceiling; walls; insulation; flooring) Class 4 — specialty drying — (hardwood; plaster; concrete) — deep pockets of saturation Principles of Drying: Remove excess / evaporation / dehumidification (ventilation) / temperature control Extraction tools:  Light wand — perimeter of water loss; extract glue-down carpets  Stationary tool (e.g., Water claw) — subsurface tool; extract carpet and cushion  Self-propelled tools (e.g., Rover; Xtreme Xtractor) — riding tool; multi-speed; extract carpet and cushion  Vacuum squeegee — concrete; hardwood; vinyl; laminate Evaporation tools: Airmovers — centrifugal (laminar); axial (high-amperage; low amperage; focus ability) o placement — 1 for every 10–16 linear ft. of wall area; 15–45 degree focus; almost touching wall o safety screens — intake and output areas; clean with compressed air; do not block intake o electrical safety — lightweight extension cords; three-prong plugs; maintain electrical cord safety  Structural Cavity Drying Systems (SCDS) o vented (e.g., Turbovents 18”-48” widths; Octi-dry; Omni-dry; Air Wolf) o injected (e.g., Injectidry; Dri-Force; Direct-it In)  Floor Drying Systems o vented (e.g., Air Wolf) o injected — negative air mats (e.g., Dri-Force; Injectidry)  Air Filtration Devices — AFDs (negative air machines — NAM; air scrubbers; HEPA filters) Dehumidification equipment: AHAM rating — pints removed at 80º F / 60% RH in 24 hours Type Reduced Performance Type Dehumidifier Temperature Relative Humidity Specific Humidity (gpp) Standard refrigerant 68º F. / 20º C 60% 55–60 Conventional 33º F. / 1º C 40% 55–60 Low Grain Refrigerant (LGR) 40º F. / 4º C 30% 28–35 Desiccant (with silica gel) 32º F. / 0º C — below 10% — below 10–15 — below  Refrigerants — Most efficient operating conditions 70º — 90º F. (most energy efficient) Desiccants — most efficient with incoming air from coolest/driest air possible; capable of creating pressure differentials; produces low specific humidity required to dry Class 4 materials  Uses — closed-drying environments; multiple layers of materials; security limitations; high outside (and inside) humidity conditions; no ventilation ports; basement areas Initial dehumidification calculations (psychrometric readings dictate further requirements after first day) Type Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Conventional 100 40 30 N/A LGR 100 50 40 50 Desiccant 1 ACH 2 ACH 3 ACH 2 ACH Electrical / Heat / Energy:  Amperes (amperage or “amps”) — the amount of electricity (current) flowing in a circuit  Voltage — the force of electricity flow in a circuit  Watts — the amount of electricity an electrical device uses when operating  British Thermal Units (BTUs) — heat generated by electrical device o Formula — amps x volts x 3.4 = British Thermal Units (Btu) per hour o HVAC — unit removes 12,000 Btu per ton  Residential v. commercial — generally, residential 15 amp / commercial 20 amp  220 splitters — use where there is limited amperage or fuses  Use no more than two, five-amp airmovers per 100 ft., 12 gauge extension cord Power consumption formula — volts x amps x 24 hours = watts ÷ 1000 = kw x cost per kw per day Inspection equipment: Moisture sensor — senses moisture in materials over 17% MC; helps determine perimeter of water damage; unable to determine which layer is wet or when dry  Thermo-hygrometer — determines temperature / RH in all required atmospheric areas of inspection; helps determine open or closed drying system; further determines dehumidifier requirements after initial placement  Moisture meters — invasive and non-invasive; determines moisture content; establish, monitor and determine when dry standards are met  Miscellaneous — infrared camera and thermometer; manometer; borescopes; data loggers Chemicals / biocides (antimicrobials)  Sterilizer; disinfectant; sanitizer  Provide written informed consent to customer; advise occupants to leave during application; document  Government-registered disinfectants — document application details; apply only per label directions  EPA — Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. federal agency with regulatory control over biocides)  F.I.F.R.A. — Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act — U.S. federal regulations administered by EPA Floorcovering carpet:  installation methods — stretch-in, direct glue-down, double glue-down  drying methods — in-place, full float, partial float  construction — woven — Axminster, Wilton; usually natural fibers; tufted — primarily synthetic  delamination — separation of primary — secondary backings; laminate strength loss up to 85% when wet  Category 3 — must remove and dispose; IEP may be required for testing Floorcovering cushion (also known as padding, underlay):  types — foam (prime, bonded urethane); rubber; felt (hair/jute, synthetic); porous and non-porous  Category 2 and 3 — must remove and dispose; if Category 2 — hot water extraction of carpet Floorcovering wood (strip wood, plank wood, engineered — laminated wood, parquet)  non-destructive (non-rotting) fungal growth — over 16% MC  destructive (dry rot) fungal growth — over 20% MC  fiber saturation (wet rot) — 28–30% MC  damages from moisture — (cupping; crowning; buckling; heaving)  dry within 2–4 percentage points of EMC drying goal Floorcovering (laminate; resilient, tile)  limitations (trapped water, potential asbestos, ceramic tile — sealed grout; trapped water)  layers of floorcovering; dry flooring as a system Microbiology (fungus; bacteria; virus)  conditions for growth o organic food source (cellulose) o moisture (or high humidity) o temperature (most prolific 68–86º F. / 20–30º C.) o stagnant air o time (some 1–2 days; others up to 10–12 days in chronic conditions)  ANSI/IICRC S520 — Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Mold Remediation  Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP) — specialized experts may be required  Mycotoxin — a potentially harmful metabolite produced by some fungi, especially molds.  Endotoxin — a portion of the outer cell wall of some gram-negative bacteria. When ingested or respired, endotoxins can cause fever, changes in white blood cell counts, increased airway resistance, shock and even death. Psychrometry definitions:  Psychrometry — study of the relationship between air, humidity and temperature and their effect on various materials and comfort levels  Psychrometric chart — chart consisting of lines and curves that shows the relationship between air volume, temperature and relative humidity, and from which a variety of other information (specific humidity, dew point, vapor pressure, etc.) relating to drying may be determined  Dew point — the temperature at which humidity in air reaches saturation (100% RH) and will condense from that air to form condensation or “dew” on surfaces.  Evaporation — the process of changing a liquid to a vapor  Primary damage — damage sustained as a result of direct exposure with water.  Secondary damage — damage sustained from indirect or prolonged exposure to disaster contaminants  Relative Humidity (RH) — the amount of moisture in a given volume of air, expressed as a percentage of the total moisture holding capacity of that volume of air, at a given temperature. As temperature increases, humidity „relative‟ to the total air volume decreases; conversely, as temperature decreases, RH increases.  Humidity ratio (specific humidity) — the weight of suspended moisture in air expressed in grains per pound (gpp) of dry air (14 cubic feet of dry air equals one pound). 7000 grains of water vapor equals one pound of water. As specific humidity (humidity ratio) changes, there is a corresponding change in vapor pressure on the surrounding environment.  Grains of moisture per pound (gpp) — unit to measure specific humidity (humidity ratio), or the weight of moisture in air, expressed in grains per pound (gpp) of dry air.  Balanced drying — ideal drying situation in which the rate of evaporation is equal to or slightly less than the rate of dehumidification or ventilation.  Dehumidification / ventilation — reducing (exchanging) moisture content of air  Dry bulb temperature — temperature registered by a thermometer  Hygroscopic — material that readily absorbs and retains moisture or water vapor from air in an attempt to reach equilibrium.  Moisture content (MC) — weight or percentage of moisture in materials, as compared to the weight of oven-dried, like material. (Wood with 10% MC indicates that 100 pounds of that wood contains 10 pounds of water and 90 pounds of wood).  Permeance — a measure of water flow through material(s) of specific thickness.  Sublimation — phase-transition in which a solid is transformed into a gas while bypassing the intermediate liquid phase (e.g., dry ice; freeze drying).  Vapor pressure — pressure on surfaces exerted by substances in a gaseous state; directly related to (reduced through) dehumidification.  Vapor barrier — material through which moisture can‟t readily pass (permeance factor of 1 or less).  Saturation — point at which air or materials can absorb no more moisture; point at which drying stops; point at which air temperature has reached dew point (100% RH).  Grain depression — reduction of specific humidity (grains; gpp) as noted in difference from ambient air to output on dehumidifier, and as well noted in other area differentials (e.g., inside air — outside air; affected air — unaffected air; ambient air — HVAC register output) showing moisture removal Balanced drying characteristics:  Humidity, airflow and temperature “HAT” work together and when managed, enable achieving target time for drying  “HAT” all influence movement toward equilibrium — wet seeks dry; hot seeks cold; high vapor pressure seeks low vapor pressure  Vapor pressure is directly related to humidity ratio (specific humidity) and dew point  As heat is applied to a material, energy is added; raising the temperature of a wet material increases the rate of evaporation, further releasing moisture from the material, changing the internal vapor pressure  The greater the difference between ambient temperature and dew point temperature, the greater the potential for faster and more efficient drying.  Open drying — intentionally exchanging indoor with outdoor air without using dehumidifiers o requires constant monitoring; above 80ºF/ 27ºC — microbial growth highly probable o requires rapid exhausting of wet air; concerns of reaching dew point temperature  Closed drying — use of mechanical dehumidification  Heat drying systems — creates lower RH; requires rapid and massive ventilation of wet air to the exterior; increases rate of evaporation by increasing the surface temperature of wet materials Common items to all drying jobs:  Proper authorization (contract, payment terms, responsible parties)  Protect contents from further damages; identify primary, secondary, and pre-existing damages  Activation of site assets (ceiling fans, whole-house fans, exhaust vents, HVAC, open drying)  Initiate extraction procedures (contain migrating water; remove excess moisture)  Set up evaporation and dehumidification (ventilation) equipment to promote drying  Customer communication; determine drying goals  Project monitoring (frequency, activities, forms, documentation)  Completion procedures (e.g., clean flooring; demolition; reconstruction, as required) Other Common Industry Acronyms:  AHAM — Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers  ANSI — American National Standards Institute  CRI — Carpet and Rug Institute  NADCA — National Air Duct Cleaners Association  OSHA — Occupational Safety and Health Administration  PLRB — Property Loss Research Bureau  SCRT (ISCT) — Society of Cleaning and Restoration Technicians  WLI — Water Loss Institute  ASHRAE — American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers  ACH — air changes per hour  ACM — asbestos containing material  BBP — bloodborne pathogen  gpp — grains per pound (g/kg) — grains per kilogram  HEPA filter — High Efficiency Particle Air filter  IH — industrial hygienist  LKQ — Like Kind and Quality  MVOC — microbial volatile organic compound  EMC — equilibrium moisture content  ERH — equilibrium relative humidity  MSDS — material safety data sheet  aw — water activity

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