Self-inflicted wounds and a worsening chasm: how the reaction to disinformation during the 2016 election campaign was more harmful than the disinformation itself.

Nearly five years ago a new era of online discourse began, and the inescapable issue of online disinformation was highlighted as a significant threat to Western democracy. With this new era came a stark realisation: a growing reliance on social media for political debate and discussion was leaving us vulnerable.

Whilst neither the concept of “information operations” or “election interference” were new, these two terms became unavoidable during the 2016 US Presidential Election, and speculation over Russian interference dominated both news and opinion. …


Fergus is based in London and has a keen interest in Information Security, Data Science, Mental Health and Current Affairs.

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