Role of Information and Technology in Poverty Reduction
Information and communication have always opened opportunities for the poor to earn income, reduce isolation, and respond resiliently to emergencies. The introduction of mobile phone used in exploding across the developing world even marginalized communities is now benefiting from modern communication tools.
Information and communications as a field of study can therefore help fight poverty in Nigeria and the world at large in the following ways:
Information and communication provides opportunity for the poor to earn income:
Here, Information and communication can help the poor earn income when information is being disseminated and the ability to communicate the disseminated information to people effectively is lacking so as to increase income. Say, a poor farmer for an instance, who cannot communicate with fellow sellers and buyers of goods and services on the new cost and selling price of the goods nor persuade buyers to buy in order to gain income, less profit is made; hence poverty increases due to lack of information and communication disability.
In the case of Isolation, information and communication plays a major role in reducing poverty in the sense that:
When a poor and developing community finds it difficult to communicate with other developed communities so as to get information as regards new ways of living, introduction of business enterprises and how to manage their resources and other sectors such as education and agriculture that would speed up the economic growth of that community, the rate at which the community develops is affected negatively, hence leading to unemployment, immense poverty and illiteracy.
Considering resilience to emergencies;
The mental ability of an individual to recover quickly from depression, illness or misfortune which may have occurred due to bomb blasts, fire outbreak, spread of certain killer diseases ( Ebola Virus) and so on, becomes a major problem in the country or any community when there is no information and communication facilities such as mobile phones and computers to help communicate or inform members of the rural society on the latest techniques or methodology that should be used or applied in fighting such occurrences are not in place we needed.
Finally, information and communication is a major tool in fighting poverty in Nigeria and the World at large, it should therefore not be undermined due to its numerous applications and contributions on primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.