同志婚姻不快樂?

我要快樂,我要能睡得安穩….

有關心理健康相關研究就不得不跳出來查證了。

最近在長輩LINE群組內瘋狂流傳一則風向新聞,先不論風向新聞背後為基督教教徒所挹注的媒體,我們就事論事。

同志婚姻不快樂? 瑞典研究:已婚同志自殺率為常人3倍

這篇報導第二段提及:

該研究的作者指出,人們不能將此結果怪罪於社會對同志行為的不寬容,因該國以對同志友善聞名,因此人們的態度與已婚同志較高的自殺率無關。

事實是這樣嗎?

該文全文在此,有興趣者可以一同下載閱讀。

看原文,作者在摘要是這樣說的:Even in a country with a comparatively tolerant climate regarding homosexuality such as Sweden, same- sex married individuals evidence a higher risk for suicide than other married individuals.

「即便像是瑞典如此對於同性族群給予包容的國家,但相較於其他婚姻族群,同性婚姻的自殺率仍較高。」

而在討論的部分,作者更這麼說的:Possible explanations of our findings include that sexual minority individuals experience anti-gay stigma and are at higher risk for depression than their heterosexual peers [27], which is the most prominent risk factor for suicide [28].

對於我們研究結果可能的解釋包含:性少數仍遭受反同志偏見,並相較於他們異性同儕承受較高的壓力,皆是顯著造成他們自殺的主因」

更在後面提到了:Lastly, living with children is a protective factor for suicide [31] and a higher proportion of heterosexual women and men were living with children compared to same-sex married women and men in our study.

與孩童同住是一個避免異性婚姻伴侶自殺的原因,於本研究中,多數的異性戀伴侶(男或女)是與孩童同居的」。

是此,原報導內所提及的完全是扭曲事實,並且假造文章本意。

此外,在同樣也是對於同性族群較為友善的美國加州於2013年亦推出相關研究:

Am J Public Health. 2013 Feb;103(2):339–46. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301113. Epub 2012 Dec 13. Same-sex legal marriage and psychological well-being: findings from the California Health InterviewSurvey. Wight RG1, Leblanc AJ, Lee Badgett MV.

Same-sex married lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons were significantly less distressed than lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons not in a legally recognized relationship; married heterosexuals were significantly less distressed than nonmarried heterosexuals. In adjusted pairwise comparisons, married heterosexuals had the lowest psychological distress, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons who were not in legalized relationships had the highest psychological distress (P<.001). Psychological distress was not significantly distinguishable among same-sex married lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons, lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons in registered domestic partnerships, and heterosexuals.

本文開宗明義就告訴各位:

不論是同性或異性族群,在有法律保障的婚姻狀態下,都能顯著降低改善他們壓力的心理狀態。

結論:該報導所提及的論點完全與研究內容徹底相反,可以說是捏造出來的。這些同性伴侶是有較高自殺率,但主因是因為反同志偏見,更何況多數異性戀婚姻是因為有小孩讓他們避免自殺。而加州研究更證實,有法律保障的婚姻狀態下,不論性傾向,對於壓力皆有正向改善的幫助。

所以各位家長們,你們還要反對同性婚姻合法化嗎?

並請藉此反思,這個消息來源(風向新聞)的真偽性,是否值得完全信賴?

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