The Tilted Earth
Through the eons, the Earth has experienced many ‘occurrences’. Too often, man has attributed the causes to many suppositions, usually religious. The Great Flood is simply one such example and the cause is taken as given by the account of Noah in the Bible:
“Yahweh said to Noah, “I have in mind to destroy all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. This is why I will destroy them and with them the earth.” - Genesis 6,13
“So Noah went into the ark with his children, his wife and his sons’ wives to escape the waters of the flood. - Genesis 7,7
Clean animals and also unclean, birds, and all that crawls on the earth went into the ark with Noah;” - Genesis 7,8
In all probability, Noah never existed and it was a fabrication to explain the inexplicable. In history, there are approximately 130 similar stories, from South America to China.
However, the truth can be discovered by doing some research. Here are some facts:
Prior to 10000 BC, the climate was completely different to today’s scenario.
Conditions during the Ice Age
The glacial sheets covered North America and extended to Greenland, Iceland and Siberia. The depth of the ice at the time is estimated at 700 metres, locking up a huge quantity of water and lowering the sea levels by 120 metres and exposing the Bering Straits to dry land.
Clearly, the ice was not melting to any extent. Melting of the ice would have been caused by an increase in temperature, i.e. the action of the sun. The melting that did occur can be attributed to the displacement of ice by the gravitational effect of the glaciers towards an angle to the sun that made melting possible. This indicates that the Earth’s inclination was zero or close to it.
That being the case, there would not be any change in seasons. There is strong evidence that this was the case; mammoths lived on the fringes of the Arctic polar cap, as did Cro-Magnon man in what is known as the Mammoth Steppe.
People had followed animals from Asia to America, via the west of the Rocky Mountains, using the Bering Straits as part of their passage. Today, Alaska has temperatures below -40 degrees C during winter, which would have made the journey impossible had those conditions existed then. However, without seasons, it is quite plausible that both animals and people made the trip; the people becoming the Red Indians of North America.
It seems that the Earth was struck by an exceptionally large meteor on the east side of the planet, crashing into the Arctic polar cap and thereby displacing the Earth’s inclination by between 22 and 24 degrees.
The effect of such an impact would have been catastrophic; the mammoths died out immediately. Remains of mammoth have been found with vegetation in their mouths. They had been grazing at the fringes of the ice cap when the impact occurred and they were then transported to an intensely cold atmosphere.
Nano-diamonds found in the sediments from this time period point to a massive explosion or explosions by a fragmentary comet, similar to but even larger than the Tunguska event of 1908 in Siberia. Sediments from six sites across North America — Murray Springs, Ariz.; Bull Creek, Okla.; Gainey, Mich.; Topper, S.C.; Lake Hind, Manitoba; and Chobot, Alberta — yielded such minute diamonds, which only occur in sediment exposed to extreme temperatures and pressures, such as those from an explosion or impact, according to new research published in Science.
The speed of the Earth would be slowed by such an impact and therefore the year would be longer. While we use a 365.25-day year, Ancient civilizations used a 360-day year. Evidence for an ancient 360-day calendar abounds. The ancient Egyptians used such a calendar, which was very close to a classical lunar calendar — until they realized that this calendar failed to predict the annual Inundations of the Nile that were the basis of their entire economy. They soon abandoned this calendar in favour of the solar calendar that they observed until their eventual conquest. (Hunter reports that the Egyptians developed a specific myth to explain the need to add 5 days to their year, which originally had 360 days in it.)
Nor were the Egyptians the only ones. The Assyrians also used a calendar having 360 days, and counting months from waxing crescent to waxing crescent. The Babylonians must also have used a 360-day calendar, because 360 is a common number in their divisions of the skies and of the basic geometric figure, the circle. (In fact, Western civilization inherits the unit of angle measure, the degree, as a 1/360th part of a full circle, from the Babylonians.) The ancient Persian Empire (modern Iran) used a 360-day calendar as recently as the seventh century BC, at which time they added five days to a year to make it even with their planting seasons. One also finds a 360-day calendar in ancient Brahman (the priestly class in India), Mayan, and Aztec tradition. The Aztecs called the extra 5 days ‘days of dread’.
What of the Antarctica? At zero inclination, Antarctica would have been north of where it presently is. A map, dated 1513, drawn by a Turkish admiral, Piri Reis, shows the coastline of Antarctica without ice. He had copied data from ancient maps to compile the map. Prof. Charles H. Hapgood of Keene College submitted this map to the U.S. Air Force and asked for their comments.
On 6th July 1960 the U. S. Air Force responded to Prof. Hapgood:
“Charles H. Hapgood of Keene College, specifically to his request for an evaluation of the ancient Piri Reis Map:
TO: Prof Charles H. Hapgood, Keene College
Dear Professor Hapgood,
Your request of evaluation of certain unusual features of the Piri Reis Antarctica map of 1513 by this organization has been reviewed.. The claim that the lower part of the map portrays the Princess Martha Coast of Queen Maud Land, Antarctic, and the Palmer Peninsular, is reasonable. We find that this is the most logical and in all probability the correct interpretation of the map. The geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice-cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949.This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap. This part of Antarctica ice free. The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick. We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513.”
The “idea” expressed in Hapgood’s 1953 book is a global geological theory which, together with many other anomalies of earth science, elegantly explains how and why large parts of Antarctica could have remained ice-free until 4000 BCE. In brief Professor Hapgood’s argument is as follows:
1. Antarctica was not always covered with ice and was, at one time, much warmer than it is today.
2. It was warm because it was not physically located at the South Pole in that period. Instead it stood approximately 2,000 miles (3218.6 km) further to the north*. This “would have put it outside the Antarctic Circle in a temperate or cold temperate climate.”
3. The continent moved to its present position inside the Antarctic Circle as a result of a mechanism known as earth-crust-displacement. This mechanism, in no sense to be confused with plate-tectonics or so-called continental drift, is one whereby the lithosphere, the whole outer crust of the earth: “may be displaced at times, moving over the soft inner body, much as the skin of an orange, if it were loose, might shift over the inner part of the orange all in one piece.”
4. ”During the envisaged southwards movement of Antarctica brought about by earth-crust displacement, the continent would gradually have grown colder, an ice-cap forming and remorselessly expanding over several thousands of years until it at last attained its present dimensions.”
* With an inclination of zero degrees, the Antarctica would be positioned at 2560.357 km north of its present position.
The New Earth
With the new inclination came an oscillating earth and so, the seasons.
What is known as ‘precession’, the process where the Earth’s poles rotate, is worth studying. In astronomy, axial precession is a gravity-induced, slow, and continuous change in the orientation of an astronomical body’s rotational axis. In particular, it can refer to the gradual shift in the orientation of Earth’s axis of rotation, which, similar to a wobbling top, traces out a pair of cones joined at their apices in a cycle of approximately 26,000 years. The term “precession” typically refers only to this largest part of the motion; other changes in the alignment of Earth’s axis — nutation and polar motion — are much smaller in magnitude.
A spinning top will not exhibit precession until it is disturbed, i.e. when a weight is applied to its rotation. When that happens, the top will respond by wobbling, rotating its poles in the opposite direction to retain its angular momentum.
If the Earth’s inclination had originally been 22–24 degrees, it would not exhibit any precession. The fact that the precession does exit is clear evidence that it had been disturbed.
When Earth’s inclination had been altered, the centre of the Arctic polar cap changed from near Baffin Island in Canada to its present position. Because of the exposure of the ice to the sun’s rays, melting began and caused rain for approximately 2000 years. The Sahara Desert became a near-tropical paradise. Flooding occurred everywhere and the sea level rose by 120 metres.
Whereas the inclination happened in an east-west direction, the axis points at 90 degrees to the poles would have spun. These points would have been found in the Pacific Ocean and also in Iraq, perhaps between the Tigris and Euphrates.