European Online Marketplaces in Focus: where all the money is going
Marketplaces have come out of the 2017 starting gates quickly as a driver behind some of the biggest funding rounds this year. More importantly it is doing this across a wide range of verticals with travel and fintech leading the way. In the 12 months up to February 2017, we saw 53 Marketplace investments over the €10m mark across 14 countries. To see the full Go4Venture HTI research on Marketplaces, with charts and commentary, click here.
The growing trend to invest in Marketplaces (no-stock) is in stark contrast to how much we have seen investors fall out of favour with eCommerce (inventory risk).
It is clear to see that investors have been actively investing in diverse Marketplaces across a wide range of countries over the past year, which is a positive sign for the overall European market. What may be of most interest is that it is not the UK leading on either deal size or deal volume for Marketplace investments as Germany and France have come in at number 1 and 2 respectively.
Germany saw the largest funding round of 2016 for the €300m Series C round of Global Fashion Group, an online fashion Marketplace, see Go4Venture’s 2016 year end review. Germany is also home to Europe’s largest online-only fashion retailer, Zalando, an online clothing and accessories Marketplace which is currently transforming into a multi-service platform. Zalando was valued at $6.8bn after its IPO in October 2014 and has since undergone 5 acquisitions.
What is most striking is the diversity of innovation in Europe, we have profiled Marketplaces across all key sectors including:
- Retail: LetGo (Spain) — Online Marketplace for second hand products
- Fintech: Funding Circle (UK) — P2P lending platform focused on small business finance
- Flowers: Bloomon (Netherlands) — Online flower Marketplace and delivery service
- Fashion: Vinted (Lithuania) — Operator of a peer to peer Marketplace for second hand fashion items
- Shipping: Xeneta (Norway) — Global containerised ocean freight price comparison platform
- Travel: Campanda (Germany) — Online rental platform for motorhomes and campervans
- Hobby and Crafts: LoveCrafts (UK) — A social network and digital Marketplace for crafting communities
Beyond the companies we have profiled recently, I’ve had the chance to meet with a couple of very interesting rapidly scaling Marketplace companies:
- Fly Victor (UK) — Marketplace for the Global Private Jet Ecosystem
- Festicket (UK) — A seamless service to discover and book tickets and packages for music festivals worldwide
- Aardvark Compare (Florida, US) — A 50 state insurance comparison Marketplace
- Rota (UK) — A SaaS-enabled Marketplace that connects employers to shift-based staff
- Pamono (Germany) — Curated Marketplace for distinctive vintage and contemporary design furniture
It is interesting to see how the Marketplace place model is growing across Sectors. We expect that this means there is not going to be a slowdown anytime soon as there remains plenty of opportunity for growth in newer sectors.
The Marketplace models are also evolving to present more innovative solutions. Consider Rota, a SaaS enabled Marketplace, it uses its own data matching algorithm to help companies primarily in the hospitality industry fill shift-based temporary staff positions quickly. The algorithm has proven to provide 93% satisfying matches — compared to traditional agency approaches which Rota says only approximate 80%.
Another interesting model is the concept of a Market-Network, which has been covered quite well by the NFX Guild, but essentially leverages the benefits of Marketplaces and networks. NFX have put a clear definition on how Market-Networks are unique from pure online Marketplaces in that they:
- Combine the main elements of both networks and Marketplaces (i.e. buyers can connect and communicate with sellers without an intermediary contact)
- Use SaaS workflow software to focus action around longer-term projects, not just a quick transaction (e.g. provide tools for users to manage their business / transactions)
- Promote the service provider as a differentiated individual, helping build long-term relationships
As is the case with all online companies, a crucial adaptation is the shift from Web to Mobile. Some of the diverse Marketplaces in Europe which we have profiled and have already adopted this shift include:
- Tradeshift (fintech, Denmark)
- SoundCloud (Music, Germany)
- Jobandtalent (Jobs/HR, Spain)
- Koolicar (Travel, France)
- Deliveroo (Food & drink, UK)
I have found from our Go4Venture HTI Data that Marketplaces are coming up with innovative and unique solutions allowing them to continue to produce successful companies, in a time of quickly changing and advancing Technologies. Interestingly, many of the larger online retailers have opted for the Marketplace (zero inventory) model, opening their platforms to third-party sellers including the likes of Amazon and ASOS — Suggesting Marketplaces could be the natural shift of eCommerce platforms. In 2015, there were approximately 335 active online Marketplaces in Europe alone, according to Cross-Border Magazine.
Furthermore, a report from 2016 by the Ecommerce Foundation shows that online Marketplaces will own 39% of the online retailing market within 4 years. So I expect to continue seeing an emergence of successful Marketplaces in Europe throughout 2017, and our users will be pleased to find a lot more Go4Venture profiles on Marketplaces.
Go4Venture Company Profiles
This year so far we have researched and published detailed profiles on two up an coming online Marketplace companies as part of our ‘Rated Company Profiles’ feature:
- Rota (click to read): Rota provides a web and mobile app that helps companies primarily in the hospitality industry fill shift-based temporary staff positions quickly using its own data matching algorithm.
- Pamono (click to read): Pamono is a home and living Marketplace which specialises in distinctive design objects (avoiding run-of-the-mill or mass market items) including vintage and contemporary furniture, lighting, accessories and crafts, and the stories behind them.
To gain full access to all our equity research, register free of charge: http://go4venture.com/register/
To see full Go4Venture HTI research and commentary on Marketplaces, click here.