Caught in the Middle
Motion for a Resolution by the Committee on Foreign Affairs I (AFET I)
With disagreements and conflicts between Russia and the European Union on the rise regarding Ukraine, how to ensure a constructive and sustainable dialogue between Ukrainian, Russian and EU leaders? What place do other global powers have in this context?
The Committee on Foreign Affairs I was tasked with finding means to improve dialogue between Ukraine, Russia, and the EU leaders with regards to the recent activities in Ukraine.
AFET I laid their primary focus on trying to bring Russia, Ukraine, the US, and the EU to partake in a summit to be held in Switzerland, where they can all discuss the current and future state of Ukraine.
The committee expresses strong opposition to the intervention of major powers, such as the US, in Ukraine and the surrounding regions. They are also concerned with NATO presence and hope that no further escalation takes place.
To ensure that Russia attends the summit, the committee has decided to regulate future sanctions based on compliance. If Russia chooses to not attend the summit (or attends, but entirely refuses cooperation), sanctions will be made stricter. If Russia participates, all current sanctions are to be lifted.
Furthermore, the committee invites Russia to partake in the Eastern Partnership (a platform of cooperation between EU and its eastern neighbours) with observer status. This is to ensure that Russia does not feel that they are being bullied by the West.
Finally, the committee is very concerned by the widespread propaganda in the region. To ensure a more objective reporting of the situation in Ukraine, they call upon both Russian and Ukrainian media sources with less of a politically vested interest in the conflict to jointly report on the issue.
The European Youth Parliament,
- Observing that the differences between the foreign policies of the EU Member States lead to an unclear EU position regarding recent events in Ukraine,
- Regretting the effectiveness of current EU and US sanctions on Russian Federation government officials,
- Concerned by the Russian Federation valuing the interests of ethnic Russians abroad over the territorial sovereignty of their states of residence,
- Aware of the Russian Federation’s concern regarding the expansion of Western influence through:
a) the increasing sphere of influence of the EU through the Eastern Partnership,
b) the increasing presence of NATO in Eastern Europe,
- Taking into consideration the divisions within the Ukrainian population regarding the political identity of Ukraine, hindering constructive communication,
- Noting with deep concern the widespread use of biased media outlets to influence public opinion,
- Fully aware of the EU and Ukraine’s energy dependency on the Russian Federation, limiting the course of action and negotiations,
- Alarmed by the Russian Federation’s use of military power in Crimea, Ukraine,
- Fully alarmed by the illegality of the referendum in Crimea, Ukraine, leading to the illegal occupation and annexation of aforementioned territory by the Russian Federation;
- Calls upon the Council of the EU to have an emergency session to set a clear EU foreign policy regarding the current situation in Ukraine;
- Invites the Council to reach a decision within two weeks after the date of its first session;
- Invites the Russian Federation, Ukraine, USA and the EU to an international summit in Geneva, Switzerland, where the EU will be represented by the High Representative of the Union as the voice of the EU foreign policy put forth by the emergency session of the Council of Ministers;
- Further proposes that US and EU sanctions on the Russian Federation be:
a) increased should it refuse to attend, or attend and refuse to participate in the summit,
b) removed if the Russian Federation attends and participates in the summit;
- Invites the Russian Federation to appoint a delegation to be included in the meetings and official communication of the Eastern Partnership of the EU as observers;
- Expresses hope that NATO does not increase its forces in the region;
- Reminds the new government of Ukraine to respect the needs of ethnically Russian minorities in Ukraine in maintaining their cultural heritage and language;
- Calls upon news outlets devoted to objective reporting from both the Russian Federation and Ukraine to form a joint news outlet to deliver unbiased news to citizens in both states and worldwide;
- Invites Ukraine and the Member States to explore new alternatives in regards to energy sources outside of the European continent;
- Deplores the use of military action in Crimea, Ukraine;
- Calls upon the International Court of Justice to provide an advisory opinion on the legality of the referendum in Crimea and the current border dispute between the Russian Federation and Ukraine.
Submitted by: Myriam Badri (FR), Ester Brito (ES), Charlotte Croison (FR), Sharon Galfrè (IT), Jonas Krohn (DE), Ton La, Jr. (US), Piotr Markowski (PL), Paride Prati (IT), Margaret Liston (US), Daniels Griņevičs (Chairperson, LV)