A CONSULTATIVE IDEA ON HOW TO PREVENT MINERAL WARS IN AFRICA
We have recently taken the time to read a few articles on the causes nurturing diamond wars in Africa. Several theories from African experts on disaster management tend to clash but our resident experts mostly agree with one reason as to why civil wars erupt in ‘mineral rich countries’:
People take weapons to create wars because of a total absence in alternative peaceful ways to access those minerals. In most cases certain governments control the exploitation of all the minerals to only benefit a few oligarchs. This method tends to create a mechanism disqualifying the ordinary citizen from accessing a slice of the cake. Consequently, the same ordinary citizen strongly believes that violence is the only way to eat.
The principle much resembles situations involving wage disputes or social protests.
The secret to prevent war diamonds or mineral wars consist of easing the access of resources to all citizens. Political experts often label this method as ‘democratizing the economy’.
To ensure such a smooth process, governments must control the trade of minerals while inviting private citizens involvements. Through fair policies, citizens must really be convinced that they have a chance of doing business in the mining industry without relying on violence.
On the other hand, a proper taxing system benefiting the state would extract funds from private citizens involved in mineral trades. The fund earned through taxes must be used to build infrastructures such as hospitals, schools and sponsor certain social schemes in the forms of school bursaries and old age pensions.
And lastly, to prevent any social disorder, African governments should still control a significant part of the mineral trades through their policies and mineral parastatal. Such control would assist in funding state budget.
However, we recommend that African states should control at a maximum 25 % of mineral trades in a country since it will still benefit from taxes collected from the private citizens controlling 75% of the remaining market.
In such conditions, armed rebels will experience a hard time at recruiting young men empowered with a fair chance to benefit from mineral trade peacefully.
Think of this for a moment:
‘For what good reasons, would a young man join a rebel army if his government offers him clear peaceful options to make a living?’
No young free man with options dreams of butchering innocent lives to access minerals.
But the one lacking opportunities may well become an armed rebel.