What is Orthopedic surgery?

Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery that deals with the surgical treatment of any kind of musculoskeletal disorder or injury. Orthopedic surgery involves both non-surgical and surgical methods of treatments to treat sports injuries, degenerative diseases, musculoskeletal trauma, tumors, infections and congenital disorders of the bones.

Orthopedic surgery involves treatment of any disease or disorder that affects a person’s musculoskeletal structure, which includes bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, nerves and muscles that help the body in movement and activity.

Orthopedic surgery covers all patients, irrespective of age, from newborn infants to elderly people with musculoskeletal problems.

What is an Orthopedic Surgeon responsible for?

An orthopedic surgeon manages specific problems related to a person’s musculoskeletal structure. They perform:


An orthopedic surgeon can diagnose the type of injury or disorder to the musculoskeletal structure.


An orthopedic surgeon can treat musculoskeletal issues with medicines, exercise or surgery as well as other alternative treatment methods.


An orthopedic surgeon is also responsible for rehabilitating a treated person through recommending exercises or physical therapy to reinstate strength, function and movement.


An orthopedic surgeon will also advise you on how to prevent or avoid any type of musculoskeletal injury or disorder whenever possible.

What does an Orthopedic surgeon do?

The main responsibility of an orthopedic surgeon is to diagnose but mainly treat the musculoskeletal disorder or disease detected in the patient.

The orthopedic surgeon may use a number of non-surgical methods initially in suitable cases in order to treat the condition or injury. The surgeon may suggest a single, or a combination of different non-surgical treatment methods for treating.

In cases where non-surgical treatment methods are not successful or these methods are not applicable the orthopedic surgeon can also perform a number of different surgical methods of treatment to help the patient in restoration of lost movement and to help them lead a normal life again.

These are some of the different types of surgical procedures that an orthopedic surgeon is capable fo performing:

Arthroscopy — This is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed with the help of an arthroscope. It is a thin and flexible tube that has a light and a video camera attached to its end which allows the orthopedic surgeon to get a better view of the operation area. This method is more efficient and faster in terms of recovery time than the more conventional open-type of surgery.

Fusion — This procedure is performed by an orthopedic surgeon to fuse (or ‘weld’) together broken or separated bones, with the help of bone grafts or artificial implants to heal the bone pieces into a single bone.

Internal fixation — This method of treatment is used by the orthopedic surgeon to stabilize broken bones and fix them into their normal positions with the help of metal screws, plates and rods until the bone gets healed naturally.

Joint replacement — Orthopedic surgeons are experienced in performing partial, total or revisional joint replacement procedures for damaged or degenerated joints by replacing the damaged joint with an artificial implant known as a ‘prosthesis’.

Osteotomy — An orthopedic surgeon is also experienced in performing surgery to cut and re-position bones that have congenital deformities.

Soft tissue repair — Orthopedic surgeons are also trained to repair damage to the soft tissues such as ligaments and tendons.

Are there any specialty areas in Orthopedic surgery?

Besides being trained for managing all types of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries there are certain specialties that orthopedic surgeons train in extensively, such as:

  1. Hand surgery
  2. Shoulder & elbow surgery
  3. Arthroplasty (total joint replacement)
  4. Pediatric orthopedics
  5. Foot & ankle surgery
  6. Spinal surgery
  7. Musculo-skeletal oncology
  8. Surgical sports medicine
  9. Orthopedic trauma
  10. Orthopedic oncology

What are the best options for Orthopedic Surgery in Goa for abroad patients looking for low cost treatment?

Although Goa is well-known as the ultimate winter destination as a land of sand and sun it is now a forerunner in orthopedic surgery for abroad patients looking for low cost treatment. The orthopedic hospitals in Goa maintain the highest global-standards of quality and are equipped with the best and latest medical and surgical instruments to ensure efficient treatment for all their patients at the lowest possible cost. Thousands of foreign patients from across the globe are known to visit Goa for getting orthopedic treatment at the lowest cost.

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