An Open Letter to the University of Pennsylvania Regarding Hate Speech in Our Community

Note* You may sign this letter here: https://goo.gl/forms/ADSsb1nGR81uTNgM2

This week, Amy Wax, a Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania, published an op-ed in which she argued that the “demise of bourgeois culture” was responsible for a decline of “respectability, civility, and adult values” in American culture. Her argument pivoted on the denigration of a number of racial and socioeconomic groups. Some of its content is quoted directly below:

All cultures are not equal. Or at least they are not equal in preparing people to be productive in an advanced economy. The culture of the Plains Indians was designed for nomadic hunters, but is not suited to a First World, 21st-century environment. Nor are the single-parent, antisocial habits, prevalent among some working-class whites; the anti-“acting white” rap culture of inner-city blacks; the anti-assimilation ideas gaining ground among some Hispanic immigrants. These cultural orientations are not only incompatible with what an advanced free-market economy and a viable democracy require, they are also destructive of a sense of solidarity and reciprocity among Americans. If the bourgeois cultural script — which the upper-middle class still largely observes but now hesitates to preach — cannot be widely reinstated, things are likely to get worse for us all.

These statements will not be surprising to many students of color, especially those in the law school who have had to take a course with Wax. Her racist and homophobic statements are well-documented both on and off campus. She asserted during a talk at Middlebury university that black adults “co-habit in a kind of merry-go round fashion.” Her recent article in the Harvard Law Review, “Educating the Disadvantaged: Two Models,” muses that low-income, students of color may cause “reverse contagion” — infecting more “capable and sophisticated” students with their “delinquency and rule-breaking.”

More important than a single professor’s views, however, is the university’s persistent silence on such views, which creates and maintains a hostile environment for marginalized students on campus. Amy Wax has been a professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Law since 2001, where she has been extensively celebrated in Penn publications and web media.

Prior to teaching at Penn, Wax was a professor at the University of Virginia Law School. On August 12th, White supremacists marched through the University of Virginia carrying torches, chanting “You will not replace us,” and yelling racial and anti-semitic slurs. White Nationalist Richard Spencer initiated the march with the statement “What brings us together is that we are white, we are a people, we will not be replaced.” Spencer’s incitement of moral panic can find its intellectual home in the kind of falsely “objective’’ rhetoric in Amy Wax’s statement, which positions (white) bourgeois culture as not only objectively superior, but also under incursion from lesser cultures and races. Our own alumnus Dr. Khalil Gibran Muhammad (Condemnation of Blackness), and Penn Law Professor Dorothy E. Roberts (Killing the Black Body, Fatal Invention) have empirically connected this direct academic cover for white supremacy to eugenicist ideas and practice in the United States.

The University of Pennsylvania is at yet another crossroads. Like Amy Wax, the University of Pennsylvania and its administrators and agents have the right to free speech. There is ample space within the construct of free speech for a forceful condemnation of racist, classist, and queerphobic rhetoric. The failure to use this power to condemn hate speech constitutes a position of its own — a position of indifference and complicity. Following the fall 2016 incident where several Black freshman students were terrorized with images of lynching on social media by a student who had attended Penn Visiting Weekend, the IDEAL Committee met several times with University administration to develop a firm policy for addressing hate speech that affects Penn students. We still hopefully await substantive change and increased transparency. With white supremacist rallies proliferating rapidly across the country, Penn’s lack of transparent and concrete policies regarding discrimination enables the intimidation of its students of color, including by their own professors. We do not wish to prolong this process until the metastasizing KKK chapters of Pennsylvania march boldly across our campus.

Our President Amy Gutmann states on the University of Pennsylvania Diversity website states that “Penn’s commitment to achieving eminence through diversity is ultimately a commitment to creating a more vibrant university so that our graduates will be both stimulated and empowered to shape a better world.”

However, the IDEAL Council contends that Penn does not empower all students. Instead, by failing to take a public stand against rhetoric that harms, dehumanizes, and compromises the education of its vulnerable students, Penn merely reinscribes existing social hierarchies and inequalities. We hold that Penn can do better.

We are not satisfied that we should wait until one of these incidents occurs again. We are not satisfied that all reasonable preventative action has been taken to protect the free speech, wellbeing, and physical safety of students at Penn who are not White.

We demand:

  1. A statement from the university specifically designating racist, homophobic, sexist, transphobic speech as hate speech.
  2. The convening of a committee with student representatives to develop a formal policy for censuring hate speech and a schedule of community-based consequences for discriminatory acts against marginalized groups. [Edit: The original draft contained a typo where ‘censuring’ was autocorrected to ‘censoring.’ This mistake has been corrected as of Saturday, August 19th]
  3. A public, step-by-step outline of the current grievance procedure provided for the university, if any, as well as formal workshops on utilizing the grievance procedure for all Penn community members.
  4. An addition to the student honor policy that condemns, in writing, racism, sexism, homophobia and transphobia.
  5. A digital grievance submission form specifically for racism, sexism, homophobia and transphobia, which would protect the anonymity of student submissions.
  6. A policy in place to ensure that tenured faculty with a record of discrimination do not sit on hiring, tenure, or student admissions committees.
  7. A formal, centralized Diversity & Inclusion office with staff that are charged directly with improving the overall culture of inclusion at Penn and providing resources for students experiencing marginalized or discrimination at Penn.
  8. Additionally, the IDEAL Council declares its intention to henceforth provide public minutes to our membership of all meetings concerning said issues with the student body.

Signed,

The IDEAL Council of the Graduate and Professional Student Assembly at Penn

Co-signed In Solidarity By:

  1. The Executive Board of the Graduate and Professional Student Assembly (GAPSA)
  2. PennDesign Student Council
  3. The PennVet Student Chapter of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  4. The Black Graduate and Professional Student Assembly (BGAPSA)
  5. The Black Graduate Women’s Association (BGWA)
  6. The Ernest E. Just Biomedical Society (E.E. Just)
  7. Lambda Grads
  8. The Fontaine Society
  9. The Pan-Asian American Graduate Student Assembly (PAAGSA)
  10. Rangoli
  11. Penn Graduate Women in Science and Engineering (PGWISE)
  12. Students Confronting Racism and White Privilege (SCRWP)
  13. The Latin American Graduate and Professional Student Assembly ( LAGAPSA)
  14. Lirui Bui, President of PennDental Student Government
  15. Akshay Walia, President of SASGov
  16. Hari Ramachandran, President of Graduate Engineering Student Government
  17. Matthew Lee, Treasurer School of Nursing Doctoral Student Organization
  18. Biomedical Graduate Student Association (BGSA) University of Pennsylvania
  19. Graduate Employees Together — University of Pennsylvania (GET-UP)
  20. Penn Law National Lawyers Guild (Penn NLG)
  21. Chinese Students and Scholars Association at Penn (CSSAP)
  22. Fels Student Association
  23. Celina de Sá, Penn PhD Candidate
  24. Rachel Stonecipher, PhD Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  25. Maria Penaloza, University of Pennsylvania Alumna
  26. Emily Mattes, Graduate Student, University of Pennsylvania
  27. Knar Gavin, Graduate StudentZachary Smith, Graduate Student Worker at the University of Pennsylvania
  28. Gabe Salgado, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  29. Miranda Weinberg, PhD Candidate, University of Pennsylvania
  30. Mark C. Lewis, PhD candidate, University of Pennsylvania
  31. Elaine LaFay, PhD Candidate, History and Sociology of Science
  32. Shyam Nair, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  33. Liv Harding, Penn graduate student worker in Cell & Molecular Biology
  34. Haley Pilgrim, PhD student at the University of Pennsylvania
  35. Nali Asamoah, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  36. Kerry Roby
  37. Esther Adeyemi, Student at UPenn
  38. Anthony Williams, C ’19
  39. Cassandra Ogbevire, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  40. Desteni Rivers, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  41. Casey Bridgeford, Alumnus
  42. Memphis Madden Seyi Osundeko, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  43. Leilani Chirino
  44. Titus Adkins, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  45. Simone Thomas, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  46. Divinity Matovu, Alumni The Wharton School
  47. Yulani Smith, MBA candidate at the Wharton School
  48. Sophia Lindner, student at the University of Pennsylvania
  49. Monica D. Johns, WG’00
  50. Michael Huang, Student at Perelman School of Medicine
  51. James Wiley, Former GAPSA Chair, University of Pennsylvania
  52. Kadijat sylla Phil Tedros, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  53. Dominique Thomas, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  54. Melissa B. Skolnick, PhD Student at Penn School of Social Policy & Practice
  55. Nooshin Sadeghsamimi Negar Razavi, Doctoral Candidate at University of Pennsylvania
  56. Patricia E. Kim, PhD Candidate at the University of Pennsylvania
  57. Fritz Graham, Ph.D student in SP2 at Penn
  58. Michal Schatz
  59. Kristina Nielsen PhD student Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania
  60. Ozan Kiratli, PhD Student at University of Pennsylvania
  61. Isabel Dí­az Alanís, Ph.D candidate, UPenn
  62. Jane Abell, Grad Student in Anthropology
  63. Rhosean Asmah, student at the University of Pennsylvania
  64. Adam Bailey, Penn GSE Student
  65. Lynette Kehoe, Student at the University of Pennsylvania
  66. Kathleen Tsai, GSE student
  67. Steve Dolph, Alumnus, Penn SAS
  68. William Holt, Member Penn Museum

Note* You may sign this letter here: https://goo.gl/forms/ADSsb1nGR81uTNgM2

Inquiries can be directed to gapsa.ideal at gmail.com

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