It is clear that supply and demand were not properly cleared. This is because supply components depreciate rapidly and demand is constantly changing and growing. The article doesn’t address either. Having a single, shared system is neither practical nor sustainable. Clearly a new business model needs to develop.
Instead, if we implement interactor settlements and get the algorithms right, and ensure interconnection as far out to the edge and bottom of the informational stack, we can develop sustainable, generative, digital, inter-networked ecosystems that provide universal access to all. We will simultaneously close the digital divide, ensure privacy and security, and have competitive markets that are significantly larger and more profitable than today’s vertically integrated, winner takes all model.