Right now though, the governments are not in the driver’s seat in terms of innovation. They are all way behind compared to the likes of Google, Microsoft, Baidu and Facebook. So the break through’s are likely to be in private hands.
Just look at the progress in Deep Learning. I wrote early just this year about ‘game theory’ and ‘deep learning’. It turns out DeepMind has paper in NIPS discussing a universal framework for this. Progress is indeed much swifter than one could possibly imagine.