Basically, adolescence is the transitional period between childhood and maturity, sometimes occuring between 10 and 20. This definition can be different from teen to teen, considering all the aspects of the individual such as behavior, development and relationship, all based on biological, cognitive, social and emotional sets. Technically, puberty also refers to the period where the individual is capable of sexual reproduction.
Compared to children, adolescents think in more advanced, efficient and complex ways, evident in five distinct areas of the cognitive transition. Let’s number them:
- thinking about what is possible, being able to consider what they observe against a backdrop of what is possible — think hypothetically.
- thinking about abstract ideas, sorts of higher-order, abstract logic inherent in puns, proverbs, metaphors and analogies. Facility to think about interpersonal relationship, politics, philoshopy, religion and morality.
- thinking about the process of thinking itself (metacognition), as an introspective and self-consciousness way, tending to develop a sort of egocentrism, or a preocupation with themselves.
- describing themselves and others in more complicated terms, looking at problems from multiple perspectives.
- seeing things as relative, tending to question other’s assertions, not accepting “facts” as absolute truths.
A period of their capacity to function independently. Adolescents tend to employ complex, abstract and psychological self-characterizations, becoming more interested in understanding their own personalities and why they behave the way they do. They don’t see their parents as all-knowing or all-powerful, not rushing to them whenever they are aupset, worried or in need of assistance.
This process leads to a certain independence, beeing able to make decisions, which is an important process of adolescence and in our contemporary society also.