Health Hazards in Australia — Things to Keep in Mind

Australia is a beautiful country that has a lot to offer to its inhabitants. As a country with a stable political system, low crime rates and high standards, Australia is a great place to live in. Australia is a country that has almost everything — great sandy beaches, big bright cities, a beautiful countryside, different cultures and exciting nature and wildlife. However, every country has potential health hazards and Australia is not an exception.

Modern Threats

We live in a modern age where we face threats such as smoking, alcohol and junk food. All these threats are seriously damaging our health, but many people who live fast busy lives simply don’t have the time to take care of themselves. It is easier for them to live that way so that they can stay focused on their work. Some of them, after a while, feel the pain of that lifestyle and decide to look for help, whether in medical institutions or support groups.

Climate

Australia is a big country and has different types of climate. The climate can vary from really hot summers to cool winters, depending on where you live. In any way, you have to be aware of the climate and dress and eat responsibly. If it is too hot, don’t overeat and try to eat lighter food so that you can function in high temperatures. Don’t go out without sun protection — that is extremely important. Always wear a hat, sunglasses and SPF 30+ which should be reapplied regularly if you are going to spend all day in the sun. If you live in the colder areas of the country, wear a warm jacket, hat, gloves and boots.

Flora and Fauna

Australia is rich with nature and wildlife so it can be very dangerous if you find yourself in a risky situation. Shark attacks are rear, but always be prepared and try not to swim alone and cross the red flag when swimming. Crocodiles live in rivers and often change their habitat via sea. Pay attention on the safety signs and do not swim in rivers, tidal rivers and mangrove shores. Snakes are also present in tropical waters from November to April so avoid swimming then. If you are going hiking, use protective footwear, a hat, sunscreen and insect repellent and immediately seek medical help if you are bitten by a snake or a spider. There are many poisonous plants so you also have to worry about that. Don’t touch or eat something that you are not familiar with.

The State of Aboriginal Australia

There were many Aboriginal people who speak their own languages and had their territory where they lived in clans. Today, many of them live in towns in terrible conditions or as workers on cattle ranches which were built on their land. They also still face race discrimination; have a higher mortality and suicide rate, a short life expectancy and make the majority of population in prisons. Because of the bad conditions they live in, their health and lifestyle is really compromised but there are organizations that help them by giving medical support and provide them with a variety of programs for their wellbeing and social engagement and also work with youths and elders.

Natural Hazards

These types of hazards don’t happen very often, but always be prepared for everything. Natural hazards can happen without any warning and impact any Australian territory. Some of the hazards occur on certain climatic areas, while others have a big risk of happening everywhere. Bushfires are most common in Australia and can cause a lot of damage and life loss. When camping, make sure that you completely extinguish the fire before you leave the campsite. There are risks of cyclones, earthquakes, flood and tsunamis. Every country has its hazards, some of them are bigger than the other, but there is always a solution for everything, you just have to be able to ask for help. Be aware and prepared for every situation that may come your way.

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