ENGINEERING A DIVERSE WORKPLACE
Innovating for workplace diversity
I wrote this to accompany my talk for veski’s Fast Smarts event as part of Melbourne Knowledge Week. Of course, the lack of diversity in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) isn’t something we can fully explore in six minutes and forty seconds. So I’ve created this as a starting point. It is by no means complete — this is a complex area and I myself am constantly learning more about it — but it’s more of an introduction, with some ways we can address it, and links to more resources.
WHAT ARE THE BARRIERS?
- Harassment — creates a hostile work environment, people ‘pushed’ out
- Unconscious bias (Check your bias using the Harvard Implicit Association Tests, or see Jane Elliott’s Blue Eyes/Brown Eyes Exercise)
- Stereotypes and prejudices
- Lack of accessibility — in so many senses. Ultimately we need to provide and create opportunities so that people can take them up.
- Career structure (family pressures still commonly gendered, bias against part time or parental leave ‘breaks’ in career progression)
- Deficit of diversity in senior positions — lack of role models
SO WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT IT?
At all levels, providing support, inspiration and opportunities. In everyday life, being an ally. This means listening to the experiences of others, educating yourself (and others) and helping to make spaces for voices that are diverse to raise them up.
IN THE WORKPLACE
We need a culture shift.
The majority of actions to address inequity in STEM are potentially flawed in that they assume a baseline respect for people from diverse backgrounds. There is a critical issue here: STEM has documented discrimination and sexism. Experiences of harassment and discrimination undermine all efforts you might make to address a lack of diversity — if people are not safe, they will leave.
First step: look at your harassment policies. Channels should be as clear and accessible as possible, with multiple reporting routes and enforced policy — not just empty threats allowing perpetrators of harassment to stay in the system. When an incident occurs, there should be no question of where and how to report, particularly for already immensely challenging experiences such as sexual harassment. Is your organisation doing enough?
Create spaces that encourage diversity. Be vigilant. Call out inappropriate language and actions (even if they’re “jokes”: see why denigrating jokes are harmful). Raise awareness of problematic and hostile behaviour. If you’re an engineer, think of it like safety culture: a safety incident must be defused, and you have to train yourself to see and address it. This is something we have cultivated as an industry — and we can do the same for being inclusive.
Observe group behaviour, and ensure everyone is able to voice their thoughts in discussions (whether due to confidence, monopolisation by others, etc). Act as a facilitator where needed, particularly if you have a position of privilege; you have a powerful opportunity to influence change. Normalise vulnerability by sharing your failures — this creates a safe space for discussion so that these issues can be addressed and not hidden.
Close the wage gaps. This article speaks on gendered wage gaps in Australia, but it’s important to know that other intersections of identity will result in wage gaps that can be even more significant (see The Simple Truth (particularly the full report) for 2017 data in the US including race/ethnicity, disability status, sexual orientation, age and others). For Australian data, the Workplace Gender Equality Agency has a brilliant tool to compare data across a wide range of industries and even within specific role types within those industries, however it doesn’t contain information about other aspects of diversity.
Support and encourage diverse people to take risks in applying for opportunities — nominate them when possible, celebrate and reinforce their successes and achievements. If you can, offer mentorship, or better yet sponsorship.
Hiring and promoting can be rife with issues. Unconscious bias training can be useful to an extent. Having a diverse panel can only go so far if they aren’t trained to check their bias (see common gendered biases in research). Transparency in reviews can also address some of the issues.
I’m not going to have the quotas discussion or argue about the value of meritocracy. A true meritocracy can’t exist while systemic bias exists. In our current system, performance isn’t wholly dictated by merit alone (see gender bias in the Heidi and Howard example (1) (2) (3)). If you want to have diverse teams, you’ll need to build them somehow. Look at the language you use and the channels where you advertise.
The next big shift we need is for workplace and career structures that allow for flexibility — things like job sharing and part time work, HR policies to help return to work, adequate parental leave facilitated so that uptake does not result in bias, and provisions for childcare. This isn’t just about families, but also people with chronic health conditions for example.
How is your organisation represented externally? Be inclusive of diverse groups in campaigns, in events, in everything. It may seem small, but making visible change reflects not only on your organisation but also your industry. Check about diversity when speaking externally at events (especially panel events). When organising events, make them representative and have authentic engagement.
OUTSIDE OF THE WORKPLACE
To achieve equity in the workplace we need equity in domestic responsibilities as well (high quality affordable childcare must become a reality — look at m-time for diverse local initiatives).
If you have or will have young people in your home you have an amazing opportunity to instill values in them, and act as a support system. Build self confidence, independence, and bold vision in young people, so that our world can thrive under future generations. As our world becomes more automated and machine focused, creativity and creative thinking will become massive assets. Here in Melbourne we’ll soon be home to a node of the international Science Gallery network, where young minds will be inspired by the intersection of art and science.
Universities need to provide supports for students who have come from diverse backgrounds, including, for example, first generation students and students from low-income backgrounds who can experience a very real ‘culture shock’ upon entering university.
- How to move beyond ‘diversity hires’: Now that we have your attention by Leena van Deventer
- Want to know the stats? See Diversity in Science: Where Are the Data? by Fred Guterl
- 5 Numbers That Explain Why STEM Diversity Matters to All of Us by Maeghan Ouimet
- Diversity in business: Driving Diversity and Inclusion by Autopia
- Exploring the gender gap in STEM: Closing the science gender gap: we need to increase the public presence of women in STEM by Dr. Megan Sebben
- If you think there is some ‘natural’/biological reasoning for the discrepancy of gender in STEM, please read Delusions of Gender by Cordelia Fine.
- Summary of some recent instances of racial harassment and discrimination in Australia: The Australian condition: Brown Poppy Syndrome by Ketan Joshi
- Prioritising diversity: That Time You Failed to Follow Up on Diversity by Melissa Nightingale
- Perspectives from women of colour in engineering and universal challenges: Who says engineering is an exclusive boys’ club? by Elvis Ondieki
- Getting past the campaigns to key issues for women in STEM: Dear Microsoft: absolutely not. by Monica Byrne
- Harassment in tech: Female engineer sues Tesla, describing a culture of ‘pervasive harassment’ by Sam Levin