The Ottoman Empire

It was after the First World War, when the British had finally defeated the power of the Ottoman Empire. The setting was frowned upon as France was eager to divide up the land previously owned and operated by the reign of the Turkish and Ottoman Empire. But it wasn’t until the region was separated and the land was divided into countries, that brought a final closing to the Ottoman’s rebellion.

Even before the 1920’s, the Ottoman Turks were in a power struggle with the Arab provinces which were being occupied by the Balkans. It was in 1914, when “the Ottoman Turks had been pushed out of the Balkans, and their Arab provinces were on the edge of revolt.” (pg, 880) Since there tends to be so much pressure being put against the Turk’s, I believe this “revolt” is what was particularity responsible for the collapse of the Ottoman Empire shortly after the First World War. “That revolt erupted in the First World War and contributed greatly to the Ottomans’ defeat.”

It was the in the interest of both the British and the French to “successfully encouraged an Arab revolt in 1916″ Which lead to their demise and finally ended up destroying the Ottoman Empire.” This closely related to what is stated from the Covenant of the League Of Nations. The influence imposed directly against the Turk’s had affected a future of power struggles. As one read’s closely, you can notice the “big brother” attitude you see today when the United States inflicts intimidation upon Middle Eastern countries regarding its desire for oil. For example, taken from Article 22 of the Covenant, “communities formerly belonging to the Turkish Empire have reached a stage of development where their existence as independent nations can be provisionally recognized.” This is quite a scary concept to read as they continue to by casually saying, “subject to the rendering of administrative advice and assistance by a Mandatory until such time as they are able to stand alone.”

To make note, a tearing of the land is sad to think about as the people who struggled to pursue. Itis to my understanding, that after the struggles, people had to try even harder to “win dignity and nationhood.” Even thought it was the British and French government, who claimed to be the “protectors of the Arab state”, they stated that they promised not to “acquire territorial possessions in the Arabian peninsula.” This is an advancement for the future of the capitalist who seeks means to dominate areas, specifically in order to trade. Even thought it did not seem like the Treaty of Versailles was a controlling attempt to “redraw” the land boundaries in Europe at the time, it was something that progressed into safeguarding the interests of those who contained power. This type of dictatorship and fascism would continue to shape the border lines of nearby countries as many neighboring powers created interventions and staked their claims of interest.

-Jon Marshall




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