As Germany faced total defeat in 1945, the besieged city of Königsberg would make its last stand.

German soldiers in East Prussia (1945) — Bundesarchiv / Wikipedia Commons

The Allied bombing of Hamburg during World War Two has been described as Germany’s Nagasaki — but what did it achieve?

The aftermath of Gomorrah — Imperial War Museum / Wikipedia Commons

How 1938 offered Britain a chance to confront Hitler — and why it failed to do so

The leaders of Britain, France, Germany and Italy meet in Munich (1938) — Bundesarchiv / Wikipedia Commons

How Caesar’s rise to power in 59 BC put Rome on the path towards civil war

The Triumph of Caesar By Andrea Mantegna — Digitized image, Royal Collection, Public Domain / Wikipedia Commons

How Ancient Rome won its war on piracy — and what it meant for Roman politics.

The Ancient Ruins of Side by Mert Kahveci on Unsplash

As America comes to terms with the Capitol riots, the Roman Republic offers a grim warning.

The death of Clodius — Silvestre David Mirys (Wikipedia Commons / Public Domain)

After a sluggish month, the UK faces its biggest economic downturn in 300 years.

Photo by Grooveland Designs on Unsplash

With a deal still up in the air, Brexit talks are rapidly running out of time.

Photo by Sara Kurfeß on Unsplash

With Joe Biden in the White House, US foreign policy will look very different.

Photo by Gayatri Malhotra on Unsplash

On election day, the future of the special relationship is also at stake.

Photo by René DeAnda on Unsplash

Jonathan Bell

I write about History, Politics and International Relations.

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