The Middle East is a patchwork quilt of tribal and religious groups. How anybody could devise states that were big enough to defend themselves but were still mostly homogenous is a huge task. Perhaps, even the ethnic cleansing that is going on now will not create viable, stable, democratic states. Religious bigotry is a visceral experience for too many people. In Glasgow, Scotland, a city sometimes known for Catholic and Protestant bigotry an Ahmadi Muslim was murdered because of his religious beliefs by a Sunni Muslim. All types of religious and ethnic bigotry, wherever they happen in the world, erode democratic structures.