Architectural history and theory: orientations Portfolio 2016


The use of ‘light and shadow’ in photographs are used to illuminate and can change the way one looks and see’s basic looking buildings. Photographer Ezra Stoller uses these techniques to enhance the building and help us see buildings in a new light.

Work from Ezra Stoller:

Light and shadow can either bring happiness or bring emptiness to an image. Colour is also used in Ezra Stoller’s photograph as it highlights different coloured objects which gives an image character. The use of black and white images amplifies the small details, which gives the image personality. Ezra Stoller also uses this black and white technique to beautify and create different emotions in his photographs.

The city’s diversity allowed me to make use of many different structures. The use of the midday sunlight to illustrate the photos clarity was one of the techniques that I incorporated from Stoller’s work. Ezra Stoller’s work relies on the viewer to use imagination and look at the different shapes to read the image. As it uses the backlighting and reflections to change the mood of a photograph. The use of light and shadows allow us to focus more on the image and gives us a better view on the mood and surrounding of the structure.

My Photographs:


Film Sequence POV (point of view)

Throughout my journey of selecting the correct type of video. I initially chose the POV shot to create a documentation of my travels around UTS. The film ‘Enter the Void (2010)’ by Gaspar Noé was what inspired me to go with the POV style. It allows me to get my point across. With the use of POV in the film ‘Enter The Void’ it allows the audience to be in a state of wonder throughout the movie. I was majorly influenced by this sort of technique. POV is extremely interesting, it creates emotion and can change the way the audience see’s life and can allow them to experience a variety of emotions at once. The use of the POV system is to fully connect with the audience and make them believe that they are part of the film, as well as understanding the film from the subjects perspective.

Enter the void by Gaspar Noé :

My Video:

The use of buildings and tunnels create a sort of architectural atmosphere, as well as allowing the audience to have an idea of how diverse Sydney is. What ‘Enter the Void’ and my film ‘The city’ have in common is that they both connect with the audience together with the story and include them as part of their journey.

Drawing and Notation

For my chosen technique, I’ve decided to use the catalog of architectural monsters and got the idea from, ‘John Hejduk:Victims and Monsters’. John Hejduk’s ‘Victims and Monsters’, shows the viewer the different ways architecture can be viewed. It highlights the many different ways we can look at an image. It allows the viewer to see a structure as a story rather than just a concrete cube. This is done with the use of John Hejduk’s drawing technique, his use of unusual techniques allow us to analyse the drawing in different ways.

My drawings: UTS Building and The Queen Victoria Buildings.

‘John Hejduk:Victims and Monsters’

His use of cartoon style drawing creates a more warm and comfortable environment when analysing the drawing, at the same time he uses this technique in a complex way, causing the viewer to also think about what ‘John Hejduk’ wants to convey. Other techniques that are used by Hejduk is annotation. This technique is a sort of guide to easily understand what he wants to convey through his piece. As he brings the two techniques together, we see a story being told. In his drawing ‘Victims’, he uses text and small drawings designed to show the viewer a “construction of time”. It is a drawing of the ‘Gestapo Headquarters’. The drawing consists of 51 smaller pen drawings, allowing the viewer to understand what is was like in WWII. In my drawing I used Hejduk’s technique of cartoon style drawings. It allowed me to easily get my point across and allows the viewer to understand what i’m trying to convey through my drawings. In my drawing, i use the UTS building and Queen Victoria Building to show the viewer, what the city looks like from a child’s point of view and with the use of a child’s imagination, allowing us to understand how different we as adult’s are to children. Adult’s see the city as a concrete jungle with tall brick building’s. But to a child, they see the city as a playground and the buildings being giant monsters. I used black and white, together with light pencil shadings to create unusual shapes and cartoon style drawings, along with authenticity and professionalism to have an easier way to analyse my drawing when wanting to get my point across. The point i wanted to make with the use of techniques from ‘Victims’ by John Hejduk, is that we as mature adults must understand the level of creativity that goes into the buildings and structures in the city, also for the structures to create a story and have it’s own personality together with the complex and unusual shapes.



For my model I’ve adopted ‘Albers, Josef — Preliminary Course exercises at the Bauhaus (1923–1933)’. This technique was very interesting because I’ve always thought of the city as a colourful and interesting playground. Josef Albers was born in Germany in 1888. He was well known for his Abstract art and study of colour. I wanted to create a simple yet fun model to look at.

Some of Josef Albers work:

Final Design:

Draft Models:

References :


For this assignment I decided to use ‘John Cage Fontana Mix (1958)’. John Cage was born on the 5th of September 1912. He is best known as a composer, he was also known for being a poet, and a visual artist. ‘Fontana Mix’ was composed in 1958. It is 17 minutes long and consists of 10 sheets of paper and 12 transparencies. In my drawing I wanted to incorporate these techniques. I wanted to use the ‘As score produced by chance encounter of unlikely sounds’ technique. The sounds that included, city sounds, voices, and footsteps. Through my recording I wanted to create an architectural journey from central station to UTS insearch.

My Drawing:

I used a lot of lines to represent the smooth flowing sounds of the traffic with quick zigzags for the car horns. Also I’ve included images and architectural drawings to allow the viewer to understand the point I’m trying to make. The curved lines that are included represent the patterns of the wind and background noises. For the other sounds I just drew little sketches to represent the sounds produced. some of these drawing techniques were also used by Cage. When all the sounds came together it created an architectural journey from central station to UTS by allowing the viewer to imagine what the city looks like and how busy it is.

John Cage’s work:


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