Stem Cell Transplant & its Usage

A lot of you I bet would have seen the long, thick callous looking cord that connects a new born baby with the placenta. But here is the thing. This cord known as the umbilical cord holds the most important answer to all the ailments that have for long been considered incurable in the history of the medical field.

A brief history of stem cell technology

Until the 1980s, the umbilical cord was just considered to be a tube that helped in the transfer of nutrients and oxygenated blood to the foetus from the placenta. However a study conducted in the year 1981 on the stem cells of mice led to great new discoveries about the stem cell. Numerous scientists who made intensive research about the stem cells discovered that these cells were in fact self replicating cells and are responsible for the growth of the baby and formation of its tissues. Further research led to the discovery of the fact that these cells can also begin the process of replicating all over again after remaining frozen and inactive for a long period of time.

Enter into the world of chemotherapy

One of the most important uses of the stem cell transplant till date has been in the administration of chemotherapy. The success rate of leukaemia treatment has sky rocketed in the past ten years due to the usage of stem cells. These cells can also be used in the cure for diabetes, SCID, schizophrenia and other ailments.

During treatment, chemotherapy is initially administered to the patient as usual. Then the stem cells are transfused to the patient like in a normal blood transfusion. Thus these cells enter the body and they perform the process of self replication. This process has proven to be very successful by reducing complications in such procedures.

Storage process

Stem cell Transplantation is a very a delicate process that needs to be done with systematic care. Most of the private Stem Cell Banks attach great importance to the collection of the cord blood and then, cells are harvested as soon as possible with great care. The cells are collected immediately after the birth of the new born. A special advanced technology known as Sepax 2 is used for the extraction of these cells and they are immediately stored in the blood bank for future usage. In fact being the first private cord blood bank in India. Banks provide new parents with a wide array of options at very reasonable prices for the extraction and storage of these life saving cells.

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