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Your fourth paragraph- “All of the …” says it all. It does not include underwater volcanic/seismic activity, which is the most likely cause of the most recent very strong El Nino, as well as underland activity such as the molten iron jet running under Russia and Alaska, which along with the warmer Pacific Ocean water following the El Nino, is causing the Arctic ice melting. These need to be included in any climate change studies and until they are, NOAA funding should be cut.

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