Presidente Jair Bolsonaro durante entrevista para o jornalista Marcello D’Angelo da BandNews TV. (Photo: Isac Nóbrega/PR)

In April 2020, president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, fired his health minister, Henrique Mandetta. The latter had a 76 percent approval rating by the public for his handling of the Covid-19 pandemic. Meanwhile, Bolsonaro, the far-right president with an aggressive dismissal of the threat of the virus, had a 39 percent approval rating. This has been the story in the largest South American country: its president prefers to recommend baseless medicine and minimize the threat of the virus. At the same time, the health minister wanted a more scientific approach to the situation.

It’s not a coincidence that, after the…

“The magical year of Gabriel Garcia Marquez” (Photo: Soledad Amarilla / Ministerio de Cultura de la Nación)

Stepping out of a train in Paris, a young Colombian journalist witnesses the gathering of young couples, kissing under the Christmas lights that adorn the iconic city.

Gabriel Garcia Marquez was not the renowned writer of 100 Years of Solitude at that moment in 1955. He was on the run, escaping the thunderous fist of one of many dictatorships that spread throughout Latin America in the XXth century.

In previous months, the Caribbean native wrote a series of stories for the Bogota newspaper, El Espectador. …

Henry Kissinger, Leonid Brezhnev, Viktor Sukhodrev, hunting farm Zavidovo, May 1973.

In 1964, with Nikita Khrushchev’s departure and Leonid Brezhnev’s entry into Soviet command, Cuba was able to get a fresh start with the USSR.

Furthermore, as several scholars of the time demonstrated, Cuba was in economic straits due to its regional isolation and new socialist experiments. In 1966, 80 percent of exports and imports in the country came from the Soviet bloc; 90 percent of the economy was a “socialist” sector economy; also a reduction in sugar production. …

Thousands of protesters armed with placards filled most of Grosvenor Square outside the American Embassy in London. Photo: Alisdare Hickson

A few days ago, the online magazine, Quillette, ran an article on fascism. I was instantly curious to read the piece, especially coming from Quillette. The magazine has been the home of the Intellectual Dark Web, a group of liberal (and not so liberal) thinkers that don’t identify with today’s left and feel that free speech is under attack. Members include podcaster and neuroscientist Sam Harris, psychologist Jordan Peterson, conservative pundit Ben Shapiro, among others.The magazine often publishes articles on academic freedom, social media assaults, free speech issues, and a steady diet of articles on the topic of race and…

Fidel Castro and Nikita Khrushchev make their way in the midst of a crowd / World-Telegram & Sun photo by Herman Hiller (Library of Congress).

In 1955, after Stalin’s death in 1953, plus a battle for command of the USSR, Nikita Khrushchev came to power. Intentions to protect Eastern Europe, the crisis in Berlin, and concerns about nuclear weapons were a focus in Soviet policy.

However, Khrushchev’s policy and attitude were different from that of his predecessor. Khrushchev did not use obscure terminologies of Marxism-Leninism to justify his decisions and proceed with any situation; often, he made hasty decisions without any rigorous analysis of the consequences. …

Statue of Vladimir Lenin.

A review of The Romance of American Communism by Vivian Gornick (Verso, 2020; 1977, Basic Books)

What can we conclude from the pages of the republished work of Vivian Gornick’s The Romance of American Communism? One can assess that the times are different; the struggle is different. Gornick was a young woman starting in the feminist struggle in the 1970s, barely amounting to the monumental amassment of works that she currently has. The book, as she explains in a new introduction, “was attacked by the intellectual heavyweights on the Left and on the Right.” These intellectuals included the ex-communist and…

During protests, a Guillotine with colloquial masks is displayed in front of Puerto Rico’s Capitol. (by Oscar Rohena)

It seemed that after a failed rally in the city of San Juan in January, organized by high profile celebrities such as Ricky Martin and St. Luis Cardinals’ Yadier Molina, Puerto Rico would finally have a peaceful transition until the general elections in November. The protest wanted to revive the same outraged of the summer of 2019, when Puerto Rico’s governor, Ricardo Rossello, resigned after crude messages between him and his staff surfaced in a leaked Telegram Chat. His successor, Secretary of Justice Wanda Vazquez Garced, became the second woman to head the governorship of the island. Vazquez Garced had…

Robert Caro presenting his book, Working, in the LBJ Library.
Robert Caro presenting his book, Working, in the LBJ Library.
On Monday, April 15, 2019, two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Caro joined Friends of the LBJ Library to speak about his new book, Working, a collection of vivid, candid, and deeply revealing stories about researching and writing his acclaimed books. (LBJ Library photo by Jay Godwin)

Robert Caro explains in an interview for The Paris Review: “You have to write not only about the man who wields the sword, but also about the people on whom it is wielded.” What the Pulitzer Prize winner explains here is simple, you cannot solely write about the powerful without also acknowledging the powerless. This has been Caro’s main goal since switching from day-to-day journalism to writer of monumental biographies.

In his newest book, which is a quarter of what his habitual reader is accustom to, Robert Caro takes us through a journey on how to write. Working (Vintage, 2020)…

Evo Morales for PIFAL (by Arturo Espinosa)

With the following words, the President of Bolivia, Evo Morales, closed a chapter that had for the last three weeks divided the nation: “I resign from my position as president so that (Carlos) Mesa and (Luis Fernando) Camacho do not continue to persecute social leaders...” The reader can hear from afar the fear and despair that the now-former president of Bolivia experienced for the last three days. Almost all of the media outlets, including The New York Times, BBC, El País, reported this piece of history as the “resignation” or “stepped-down” of Evo Morales from power in Bolivia. For the…

The insignia of the ABC. (George A. Smathers Library/Cuban Collection)

In 1932, Captain Miguel Calvo Herrera, one of the leading members of the secret police, was entering a flower shop in relation to an anonymous call about a secret weapons warehouse. In those times, the Cuban police were suppressing all attempts of insurrection against the government of general Gerardo Machado.

Just one year earlier, two noted members of the military, who in the past were the former President of the Republic of Cuba and the leading candidate for the presidency in 1925(respectively), were caught in Rio Verde, trying to raise arms and topple the government. Calvo Herrera expected to find…

Emmanuel Rosado

IG: emmanuelfr15 Writer 🤼‍♂️ Neuroscience 🧠

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