Mining business

Our primary business is mining, an essential activity in modern times. From cell phones to airplanes, building structures to coins, ores are the ingredients for various indispensable items for your everyday life.

We are the world’s largest iron ore and nickel producer, also operating in other mineral sectors, and through investments in technology and logistics we assure efficiency, growth and sustainability in our operations. Find out more about our operations in the following sectors: iron ore and pellets, nickel, goal, copper, fertilizers, manganese and ferro-alloys.

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Iron Ore and Pellets
Iron ore is found in nature in the form of rocks, mixed with other elements. By means of various industrial processes incorporating cutting-edge technology, iron ore is processed and then sold to steel companies. The iron ore produced by Vale can be found in houses, cars and household appliances.

We are investing in technological innovations and developing initiatives to prevent and minimize the environmental impacts that mining causes. Our aim is to set the benchmark in the sustainable management and use of natural resources.

Nickel
Hard and malleable, nickel resists corrosion and maintains its mechanical and physical properties even when subjected to extreme temperatures.

Our high-qualitynickelis also valued for its applications in plating and batteries. It gives your bathroom taps and shower heads their bright metallic finish. It’s in everything from your coins to your car. You’ll also find it in your mobile phone and the rechargeable batteries that power it while you’re sending a text, checking email and staying in touch.

Coal Ore
Vale acts in the coal sector. Coal is a substance essential for the transformation of iron ore into steel. Coal is used in the steel industry as well as for the generation of electricity.

Fertilizers
Global demand for food is increasing, while the space available on the planet to grow crops is decreasing. How can we resolve this situation? The answer lies in fertilizers: substances that raise crop yields and enable larger harvests. The relationship between this sector and mining is simple: two of the main inputs for making fertilizers — potash and phosphates — are extracted from the ground through mining processes. We also produce nitrogen using a chemical process.

Copper
Copper, that reddish-orange metal that has been used to benefit civilization since 8000 B.C. is one of the most important metals used by modern industry. Prized for its ability to conduct heat and electricity, it is an element that helps facilitate the world as we know it, and is a focus of Vale’s investment.

Malleable, resistant to corrosion and high temperatures, recyclable and blessed with the best electrical and thermal conductivity of any commercial metal, copper is highly valued for its application in power transmission and generation, building wiring as well as practically all electronic equipment, including mobile phones and television sets.

Manganese and ferroalloys
Who would say that items as different as batteries and paint share a common feature? Manganese, the fourth most widely used metal in the world, is present in the composition of these, and many other objects of your everyday life. We are a leading producer of manganese, an essential steelmaking input, and also of ferroalloys — combinations of iron and one or more chemical elements, such as manganese itself.

Nearly 90% of manganese output is used in the steel industry, but its applications also include the manufacture of fertilizers, animal food and cars.

For more information, below are informative links: Mining in Wikipedia , Mining business news, and All about mining business

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