What is Sarcoma?

Sarcomas, which are a rare type of cancer and different from the popular carcinomas, occur on certain kinds of body tissue. Sarcomas develop in connective tissue, which are cells that support or connect other types of tissues in the human body. Sarcomas are commonly found in muscles, bones, cartilage, fat, tendons, nerves and the blood vessels of the arms and legs, although they are known to happen anywhere.

Sarcoma can be grouped into two broad categories, even though there are no fewer than fifty types of sarcomas. There are soft tissue sarcoma and osteosarcoma, or bone sarcoma. In 2014 alone, roughly twelve thousand cases of soft tissue sarcoma were reported while about three thousand cases of osteosarcoma indicated in the United States. But the good news is sarcomas can be treated via medical procedures involving surgery to take out the tumor.

Risk Factors

What causes sarcoma is not known medically, but there are certain factors which increase the danger of developing the tumor such as

• Having Paget’s disease (a bone disorder)

• Exposure to radiation as a result of undergoing cancer treatment

• Inherited genes from people in the family who have suffered from sarcoma

• Presence of genetic disorders such as Gardner syndrome, neurofibromatosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome or retinoblastoma

What are the symptoms associated with sarcoma?

Sarcomas are hard to discern (especially soft tissue sarcomas) because they can start developing in any area of the body. But the most common indicator is the growth of a painless protuberance. As it gets bigger, the lump may start exerting pressure on muscles or nerves, thus making you have breathing problems or become uncomfortable. No tests are currently in existence to help in determining the presence of sarcomas before you begin to experience these symptoms.

Osteosarcoma, on the other hand, shows symptoms at the early stage such as:

• Limping, if the sarcoma is in your leg

• Infrequent pain in the affected bone which usually gets worse at night

• Swelling starts several weeks after the occurrence if the pain.

Surviving Metastatic Sarcoma

Most people that are diagnosed with soft tissue sarcoma are usually cured when they undergo surgery, especially if the tumor is low-grade. Low-grade sarcomas do not undergo metastases i.e. do not spread to other parts of the body.

But metastatic sarcomas have proven harder to treat successfully and therefore, doctors cannot give an accurate prognosis. For instance, patients with bone sarcomas have a survival rate which varies between sixty to eighty percent, if cancer has not metastasized. If all traces of cancer can be removed surgically, then there is a good chance that the patient will be cured.

Learning more about metastatic sarcoma is essential to your overall well-being. will supply all the necessary information you will need to beat metastatic sarcoma.