World Oceans Day
“Healthy Oceans, Healthy Planet.” It’s the theme of World Oceans Day 2016. And the theme of National Science Foundation-supported research on oceans from the poles to the tropics. Scientists are learning that what makes us healthy also keeps coral reefs in-the-pink, that the sea’s salt affects the clouds above, and that jellyfish may show us the way to a new generation of submersibles for exploring the oceans. But all is not well in the depths: the oceans are threatened by low oxygen levels and warming waters that have led to the collapse of fisheries such as cod.
NSF-funded research into the oceans:
The Ocean Observatories Initiative is making the seas accessible 24 hours a day, seven days a week to anyone with an Internet connection. Join scientists in a new way of exploring the depths of the seas!
Humans are made up of millions of microbes, collectively called our microbiomes. These microbial “ecosystems” contribute to keeping us healthy. It’s the same for corals and other species, scientists are finding. Corals’ microbiomes play an important role in reef health.
Humans are responsible for carbon release 10 times faster than any event since the age of dinosaurs.
NSF-funded researchers have collected evidence that links rising levels of carbon and changes in ocean chemistry in Antarctic waters with the inability of tiny animals, such as sea snails, to build the protective shells they need to survive.
Deltas — places where sediment from rivers meets the sea — act as bulwarks against storms, nurseries for fisheries, and farms for nations around the globe.
Beyond the poetry of crashing ocean waves, this salt- and carbon-rich spray also has a dramatic effect on cloud formation and duration.
New research reveals that fluctuating food supplies and competition in the seas can alter the survival of adult fish — at least for Pacific coral reef species — and be a major cause of changes in their populations.
Erosion caused by glaciation can wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can form them.
New report shows that warming complicates fisheries management plans.
Siphonophores, they’re called: Marine animals that navigate inner space like undersea mini-versions of the Starship Enterprise.
With sharks swimming ever closer to shore this summer — or seeming to — and crossing paths with surfers and bathers, what’s going on? NSF talked with two shark biologists, read the Q&A.
New study predicts that crabs could repopulate shallows of continental shelf.
More NSF-funded ocean science news:
- Freshwater: from the rivers to the sea
- Flying lab to investigate Southern Ocean’s appetite for carbon
- Famous California ocean fog carries mercury ashore
- Exploring the remote Aleutian Islands in Alaska
- Restoring coastal wetlands depends on seagrass
- The history of ocean “dead zones”
- Wetlands depend on creatures too small to see
- Coral reefs that can survive ocean acidification?
- Oxygen-starved marine creatures on-the-move to new waters
- How sustainable are Baja California Sur’s fisheries?
- What fertilizes the growth of sea plants?
- Widespread algae blooms are taking over our coasts
- Vast new salt-laden habitat beneath Antarctica
- Oceans struggling to breathe
- Predicting heat waves on land from ocean clues