The journey of governance from ancient Sumerians to today’s decentralized governance mechanisms, and how to improve economic and social outcomes.

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Sumerian cuneiform: the earliest known writing and record-keeping system.

Without understanding the history of governance, through observation and critical thinking, we can not learn the key lessons to forge the future of governance.

Ancient Sumerians were unique in the sense that they shaped today’s civilizations, economical structures and governance more than any other civilization in the history of mankind.

Among their inventions was the first currency known as Shekel, a bronze coin where on one side of the coin was a representation of wheat (which turned hunters into agriculturers), and on the other side, a depiction of the goddess of fertility, Ishtar (which may represent the water of the rivers that brought life to civilizations of deserty Mesopotomia in the banks of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates). …


The journey of governance from ancient Sumerians to today’s decentralized governance mechanisms, and how to improve economic and social outcomes.

2009 Nobel Prize Winner in Economics, Elinor Ostrom: who dedicated her life to researching governance of the finite resources by communities.

Decentralized governance is a topic most often discussed by a result of personal philosophy, ethics, and non-scientific predictions.

Some believe plutocracy is the best way to decentralized governance, others believe it should be a democracy, and most founders inherently believe they know the right way to govern more than anyone else.

If we look at the current blockchain ecosystem, we have not seen too many successful decentralized governance models. …


Nowadays it’s hard to not bump on blockchain projects that talk about adoption. However, adoption is not a magic button that happens through merely talking about it.

If you ask an average user, he/she only cares about how he/she can benefit more from your products and services. Blockchain brings many revelations for user-centric practices because core elements such as community involvement, decentralized execution, and feedbacks we can get while building products can help service builders gain much more advantage compared to previous ways of building centralized applications.

Starting with an approach by putting end users in the centre of design thinking, and tapping into the power of community-involved processes along the way can together bring out the best products and services, something that is much more exciting than customer-centric approaches. …


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The world’s economy is undergoing an enormous transformation.

Technology has brought us to a point where stranded assets (whether it is a car, or compute power or a person’s time and skills) can be liquified into the economy and flow among givers and takers, with near laminar capital diffusion.

We live now at a liminal, technological gloaming. Where now things are fixed and stranded, they will become mobile and move with disorienting velocity: money, skill, techne diffusion, capital formation, creative constructive and destructive interfering innovation.

If you have taken an Uber or AirBnB, or given computational power to blockchain or to the mother of mechanical turks, SETI, you have experienced something novel in the world’s economy. What before was stranded and locked now has the possibility to flow and participate in capital and knowledge (techne) movement and formation. In a way, you are witnessing the latent power of a person or an asset sublimate and move inside the world’s economy with centrifugal velocity. …


Following Ethereum’s first smart contract platform, many other chains are now offering decentralized application capabilities, each having different specifications and value propositions.

But, various needs have arisen in the market that is hindering mass adoption. Usability, scalability, high throughput and low latency are in dire need.

Widely dispersed applications built in isolation on different smart contract platforms are also unable to communicate with each other, serve other smart contract platforms as solutions, or to be ported across chains for increased adoption.

Establishing communication channels between smart contracts and transforming regular dApps into integrated, interoperable decentralized applications (iidApps) is key to the continuous evolution of today’s decentralized ecosystem. …


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Today is an exciting day.

We have been working on the product conceptualization of OrchestrumOS in stealth mode for a couple of months now with our advisory board.

At it’s core, OrchestrumOS is the first “operating system” that connects decentralized applications of various smart contract infrastructures through an approach focused on interoperability.

Through an API-like abstraction layer for interblockchain communications, decentralized applications (dApps) built on our platform gain new interoperability capabilities; promoting their data, assets and functions from merely serving one particular smart contract ecosystem to the larger, universal ecosystem of all smart contract capable platforms.

Until 2017, all decentralized applications were being built on Ethereum, as the only smart contract infrastructure that was available at the time. …

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OrchestrumOS

Integrated, Interoperable, Total Chain OS

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