Professions that require knowledge of history
As Cicero said, “History — the teacher of life.” Many people today agree with this statement. But the paradox is that this same science shows us that the mistakes of history, mankind has little studying. Maybe the teacher is not enough skilled, and perhaps entirely lazy students. Whatever it was, there are many interesting professions that are closely associated with this science, sometimes controversial and highly inaccurate, but they are not less fascinating. Here we collected some examples of specialties, which can not fully learn, not learn how to follow the story.
Trade name is derived from two Greek words: grapho — writing and ethnos — tribe. Ethnographer engaged in the following:
The study features of the traditional culture of everyday people, forming their ethnic character.
The study of social culture and economic activities of the ethnic group.
The study of primitive communal system for the remains of its remnants in modern nations.
The study population peoples, especially the migration.
The study of religious beliefs, language, ethnic spiritual warehouse.
Observation of life of the people, gathering collections, expeditions and stationary studies, etc.
Working with the script, archaeological finds, folk art and other types of heritage.
Conducting interviews and questionnaires with representatives of the ethnic group.
Implementation of various examinations, including anthropology.
A study of linguistic kinship.
A study of settlement types, interaction between the ethnic group and the natural environment, drawing up ethnographic maps.
The main task of the profession — search for artifacts, and then study them life and culture of ancient people. Archaeology — Applied part of the story. Artifacts are objects, once created or processed by humans: ornaments, utensils, tools, buildings, weapons, embers of ancient hearths and much more.
All the findings of archaeologists must rely on strong evidence. There are three types of archeology:
Experimental — creating reconstructions of objects.
Field — find artifacts through excavations on land.
Underwater — conducting searches under water.
Basic tools archaeologist — GPR, knife, shovel, brush, pick, magnifying glass, syringe, camera. Of course. To conduct the underwater search, you must have the skills to scuba diving. Each detected object should be described in detail in writing. Also important is the ability to fine art, to be able to sketch every item found. ALWAYS restoration, conservation of primary artifacts since fresh air and sunlight can destroy the decoration, for hundreds of years had lain under a thick layer of earth.
Archivist examines dokumentamiTakoe folder with the name of the profession is now superseded by more modern word — “archivist.” Another suitable name — Secretary-receptionist. The main tasks of the archivist — the collection and preservation of documents. Depending on the type of archive, staff can specialize in various areas of historical knowledge: the art, the economy, politics, military history, literature, etc.
All materials in the archive formed in the archives, each of which has its own unique title. The status of these cases the archivist controls constantly. Another task of the archivist — a relief to find those materials and organizations submitting a request to view them.
Literally, from the Greek, the name of the profession is translated as “love of wisdom”. In general, the philosopher activity is reduced to the study of all things and the search for truth. The philosopher tries to find the optimal solution of various social problems, to invent an ideal system of a society. Without knowledge of history, without having a clear idea about the work of philosophers of the past, without examining, in the thoroughness, the ideological confusion and philosophical errors of mankind, it is unlikely such a specialist could offer really worth solving current problems. Other successful definition of the philosopher — “professional thinker.” Professional philosophy is not just a talker and homegrown critic and creator, to create an effective semantic structure or an artist who as a result of the knowledge of the contemporary realities of the world, is able to create not only a picture of a society without the current shortcomings, but also to find a way to implement their plans, establish clear paths address these deficiencies.
In addition to history, philosophy must thoroughly study metaphysics, logic, ethics, ontology, aesthetics and many other narrow-profile discipline.
The specialist of this type of work in cultural, educational, research institutions and organizations whose activities are aimed at the preservation, use and study of the natural and cultural heritage. historical system of natural and cultural monuments of regional and national importance — objects museologists activities. Museologist should be able to:
To carry out scientific research in the field of methodology of management and conservation of heritage.
Maintain organizational-administrative, cultural and educational activities.
Participate in solving the problems associated with current research.
Identify, organize, articulate work in the field of development of natural, historical and cultural heritage.
To determine the optimal form of conducting cultural and educational work among the various categories of the population.
Identify and organize works on perspective directions in the study, development and popularization of historical as well as all other monuments.
Cataloging household items and culture.
Professional Museologist can be equally in demand, both in the public institutions, as willows travel agencies, private sector organizations.