What are you usually focusing on when preparing for the presentation and trying to imagine yourself in front of a crowd of people? 90% — on WHAT you will say and HOW you will look. But what about your goals?
Of course, this is right and absolutely necessary, but these accents do not directly relate to the goals of your presentation. It is excellent to tell several wise and useful sentences using the right gestures and intonations. But why are you doing this? What for?
These questions can cause some confusion within you. Why do we ask all this? After all, this is so obvious — people come to listen to you, to be inspired by your ideas or your shining personality, to find out some important information. What more could you want?
You are right, and you are wrong.
Each presentation must have a GOAL. And only if this goal is correctly chosen, delivered and achieved, your presentation can be called successful.
Unfortunately, many speakers dismiss this question and do not set certain goals — if to ask them, the answer will be very abstract.
However, human psychology has one interesting feature: experts say that if you plan “just to run every morning” or “just to lose some weight” or “to learn a little bit of a foreign language,” you will give up much faster than if you plan “to run 5 km every morning in a month,” “to lose 10 kg by September, 10” or “to know 200 new foreign words by Christmas.”
Our brain perceives specific goals — and helps us to build our whole life so that their achievement becomes a reality. You should set these goals.
Let’s start with the tasks.
Tasks are specific ideas that you intend to implement. A set of completed tasks, like a ladder, will take you to the very top, to achieve your goal. What tasks should be set by the lecturer? Conditionally, they can be divided into two types: general and specific.
General tasks are the directions of your speech. These include the desire to interest the public (entertain them — it includes any emotions, not only laughter and fun), to educate your audience (they should leave with a set of knowledge they didn’t have before this presentation) and to explain to your listeners everything they do not understand (make sure that they have learned everything correctly).
Specific tasks, or subtasks, are the specific steps that you will take in your presentation to accomplish common tasks. For example, to prepare jokes or interesting stories for entertainment of the audience, to plan a set of mental exercises to get new knowledge, to think about what techniques and methods to use to properly explain them some nuances of presentation and new info.
All this is the part of the realization of your goal. And where is the goal?
In the modern business world, the system for setting goals, which is called SMART, is still popular. This acronym implies the following characteristics of the goals: specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, time-limited. Easy to remember, but how to set them? We will teach you the simplest way of setting goals with this method, explaining in simple words what is required of you.